COU 814 - History of Counseling

Main

Jessie B. Davis

1907

Assumed principalship of Central High School in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Initiated plan to "organize an entire school for systematic guidance,"

Quincy Agassiz Shaw

1908

Boston Vocation Bureau established in Civic Service House, Boston, Massachusetts

Frank Parsons

May 1, 1908

Parsons issued his first report on the Boston Vocation Bureau. First documented reference to vocational guidance.

Committee of six

June 7, 1909

Boston School Committee approved and "instructed the Superintendent of Schools to appoint a committee of six to work with the director".

Boston

1910

First National Conference on Vocational Guidance held in Boston.

New York

1912

2nd National Conference on Vocational Guidance held in New York.

National Vocational Guidance Association

1913

The formation of the National Vocational Guidance Association on Grand Rapids, Michigan.

National Vocational Guidance Association

1913

The formation of the National Vocational Guidance Association in Grand Rapids, Michigan

Jessie B. Davis

1914

Wrote Vocational and Moral Guidance

932 high schools

1918

10 years after Parsons and Boston, "932 four-year high schools reported vocation bureaus, employment departments, or similar devices for placing pupil".

NEA

1918

National Education Association - Cardinal Principles of Secondary Education

National Vocational Guidance Association

1921

1921 and 1924 Statements of the Principles of Vocational Guidance of the National Vocational Guidance Association emphasized principles of testing, use of extensive cumulative record system, information, the study of occupations, counseling and case studies.

Brewer

1922

Reviewed Boston school system stated the work was "commendable and promising" but expressed concerns about lack of centralization and supervision.

Myers

1931

Prepared a list of 37 counselor duties into 7 categories.

ME Campbel

1932

Vocational guidance was defined as the process of assisting the individual to choose an occupation, prepare for it, enter upon adn progress in it.

Occupational Information and Guidance Service

1938

Established in the Vocational Division of the US Office of Education.

Bell

1939

Stated the goal of counseling was student adjustment through personal contact between counselor and student.

Carl Rogers

1942

Wrote Counseling and Psychotherapy.

JM Brewer

1942

Stated 4 conditions led to the development of vocational guidance.

Vocational Education Act

1946

Vocational Education Act of 1946

Guidance and Personnel Branch

May 16,1952

The Guidance and Personnel Branch of the US Office of Education was discontinued under the Division of Vocational Education.

Pupil Personnel Services

October 27, 1953

Pupil Personnel Services Section was established in the Division of State and Local School Systems.

JB Davis

1956

Added conditions to JM Brewers 4 original.

National Defense Act

1958

National Defense Act of 1958 known as Title V.

Glanz

1961

Identified and described 4 basic models for organizing guidance because of his concern for the lack of discernible patterns for implementing guidance in the schools.

Interprofessional Research Commission on Pupil Personnel Services

1962

Interprofessional Research Commission on Pupil Personnel Services creation.

Wrenn

1962

Wrote The Counselor in a Changing World

Roeber

1963

Outlined proposed school counselors' functions.

Elementary and Secondary Education Act

1965

Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 - some funding for school guidance and counseling.

Center for Vocational and Technical Education

1968

Nationwide survey of vocational guidance led to a systems model for vocational guidance developed at the Center for Vocational and Technical Education in Columbus, Ohio.

Career Development Integration

1970

Guide for integrating career development into the school curriculum developed by the state of Wisconsin and in 1971 California.

University of Missouri-Columbia

July 1, 1971

Awarded a grant to assist each state in developing models or guides for implementing career guidance, counseling, and placement programs in local schools.

AH Johnson

1972

"Professional responsibilities became administrative obligations for which guidance would be held accountable not to professionally determine values but values of the education subculture interpreted through its administrative structure."

ASCA

1974

ASCA position statement The School Counselor and the Guidance and Counseling Program.

ASCA

1978

ASCA position statement The School Counselor and Developmental Guidance.

Carl D Perkins Vocational Education Act

1984

Carl D Perkins Vocational Education Act of 1984 - revised 1990 and 1998

School-to -Work Opportunities Act

1994

School-to -Work Opportunities Act of 1994 passed

Elementary School Counseling Demonstration Act

1994

Elementary School Counseling Demonstration Act passed. Provides funds for guidance and counseling in schools.

ASCA

1997

Published Sharing the Vision: The National Standards for School Counseling Programs.

No Child Left Behind Act

2001

US Congress passed No Child Left Behind Act.

ASCA National Model

2003

ASCA National Model was unveiled in 2002 at national convention. Was officially released in 2003.

National Center for Transforming School Counseling

June 2003

The National Center for Transforming School Counseling was established.

ASCA

2004

Published workbook in 2004 and 2nd edition of the National Model in 2005.

Henderson

2009

Wrote book The New Handbook of Administrative Supervision in Counseling.