Assumed principalship of Central High School in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Initiated plan to "organize an entire school for systematic guidance,"
Boston Vocation Bureau established in Civic Service House, Boston, Massachusetts
Parsons issued his first report on the Boston Vocation Bureau. First documented reference to vocational guidance.
Boston School Committee approved and "instructed the Superintendent of Schools to appoint a committee of six to work with the director".
First National Conference on Vocational Guidance held in Boston.
2nd National Conference on Vocational Guidance held in New York.
The formation of the National Vocational Guidance Association in Grand Rapids, Michigan
The formation of the National Vocational Guidance Association on Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Wrote Vocational and Moral Guidance
National Education Association - Cardinal Principles of Secondary Education
10 years after Parsons and Boston, "932 four-year high schools reported vocation bureaus, employment departments, or similar devices for placing pupil".
1921 and 1924 Statements of the Principles of Vocational Guidance of the National Vocational Guidance Association emphasized principles of testing, use of extensive cumulative record system, information, the study of occupations, counseling and case studies.
Reviewed Boston school system stated the work was "commendable and promising" but expressed concerns about lack of centralization and supervision.
Prepared a list of 37 counselor duties into 7 categories.
Vocational guidance was defined as the process of assisting the individual to choose an occupation, prepare for it, enter upon adn progress in it.
Established in the Vocational Division of the US Office of Education.
Stated the goal of counseling was student adjustment through personal contact between counselor and student.
Stated 4 conditions led to the development of vocational guidance.
Wrote Counseling and Psychotherapy.
Vocational Education Act of 1946
The Guidance and Personnel Branch of the US Office of Education was discontinued under the Division of Vocational Education.
Pupil Personnel Services Section was established in the Division of State and Local School Systems.
Added conditions to JM Brewers 4 original.
National Defense Act of 1958 known as Title V.
Identified and described 4 basic models for organizing guidance because of his concern for the lack of discernible patterns for implementing guidance in the schools.
Wrote The Counselor in a Changing World
Interprofessional Research Commission on Pupil Personnel Services creation.
Outlined proposed school counselors' functions.
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 - some funding for school guidance and counseling.
Nationwide survey of vocational guidance led to a systems model for vocational guidance developed at the Center for Vocational and Technical Education in Columbus, Ohio.
Guide for integrating career development into the school curriculum developed by the state of Wisconsin and in 1971 California.
Awarded a grant to assist each state in developing models or guides for implementing career guidance, counseling, and placement programs in local schools.
"Professional responsibilities became administrative obligations for which guidance would be held accountable not to professionally determine values but values of the education subculture interpreted through its administrative structure."
ASCA position statement The School Counselor and the Guidance and Counseling Program.
ASCA position statement The School Counselor and Developmental Guidance.
Carl D Perkins Vocational Education Act of 1984 - revised 1990 and 1998
Elementary School Counseling Demonstration Act passed. Provides funds for guidance and counseling in schools.
School-to -Work Opportunities Act of 1994 passed
Published Sharing the Vision: The National Standards for School Counseling Programs.
US Congress passed No Child Left Behind Act.
ASCA National Model was unveiled in 2002 at national convention. Was officially released in 2003.
The National Center for Transforming School Counseling was established.
Published workbook in 2004 and 2nd edition of the National Model in 2005.
Wrote book The New Handbook of Administrative Supervision in Counseling.