timeline for causes to civil war


wilmot proviso

august 8 1846

Description: would have banned slavery in any territory to be acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War or in the future, including the area later known as the Mexican Cession
Impact: showed the fight of some to limit the growth of slavery

free soil party


description: political party that opposed the extension of slavery into the territories
impact: sent a message that northerners opposed the extension of slavery into the territories

election of 1848


description: Lewis Cass nominated as democrat, van Buren as the newly formed free soil party, and the whig party Zachary Taylor. Taylor wins the election because his popularity as a war hero

compromise of 1850


description: made California a free state, a new and more effective fugitive slave law would be put into place, territories of new mexico and utah would use popular sovereignty and govt would pay texas 10 million to surrender its claim to new mexico
impact:settled disputes between north and south for a short while

fugitive slave act


description: a component of the compromise of 1850
impact: alleged fugitives were not entitled to a trial by jury and the right to counsel and could not testify on their own behalf

harriet beecher stowe (uncle toms cabin)


description: wrote uncle toms cabin
impact: helped fuel the abolitionist movement

election of 1852


Franklin Peirce ran as a democrat, Winfield Scott ran as a whig, and John P. Hale ran under the free soil party
Peirce went on to win

dred scott case


description: landmark case that established slaves rights and what defined a slave
impact: said slaves were property not citizens and it was unconstitutional to ban it

know nothing party


description: a party formed based on nativism or the favoring of native born Americans over immigrants
impact: further showing the separation between the citizens of the united states

kansas nebraska act


description: repealed the Missouri compromise and divided the area into two territories
impact: establish popular sovereignty

republican party


description: united in opposing the kansas nebraska act and in keeping slavery out of the territories

bleeding kansas


description: incidents about the issue of slavery after the Pottawatomie massacre led by john brown
impact: the fight over the issue of slavery turns violent

election of 1856


John C. Fremont ran as a republican, Millard Fillmore ran under the know nothing party, and James Buchanan ran as a democrat
Buchanan would win

lincoln douglas debates


description: a series of 7 debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas in which the main issue was slavery

john brown raid


description: an attempt by the white abolitionist John Brown to start an armed slave revolt in 1859 by seizing a United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.

election of 1860


Abraham Lincoln as a republican, J.C. Breckenridge as a southern democrat, Stephen Douglas as a northern democrat, and John Bell under the constitutional union party.
Lincoln would win the election, the main issue was slavery

firing on fort sumter


description: on april 12th confederate batteries began thundering away at the Charleston fort

impact:indicated the start of the war

confederate states of america

1861 - 1865

description: the seceded states of the south formed the confederate states of America which closely resembled the united states the most notable difference was the view on slavery