French Revolution Timeline

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Financial Crisis

1787 - 1789

France was in bankrupt. The debt piled up from the 7 year war. The crisis lead to poor harvest, and landless owners. It supports the Declaration of the Man of Right because they raised taxes, and called it contributions for maintaining the public forces. They used the thirteenth law.

Great Fear

1789

Known as a period of panic and a riot by peasants because the thought of starvation created fear. This all happened because the king wanted to overthrow the third estate, the peasants rose against their lords, and destroyed important documents. It supports number 14 in the Declaration the Rights of Man, because the action taken in the end brought about more equality. Nonetheless, many of the actions were violent and brutal and took peoples lives unfairly in violation of the Declaration the Rights of Man.

Creation of National Assembly

1789

During the Estates General meeting the third assembly did not want to be part of the rest of the estates. Then the third estate broke away. They then made their own assembly that would help people. This supports/ goes with #11 the Declaration of the Man of Rights because the 3rd estate decided had the power and the choice to break away from the other 2 estates, even if anything went bad or unplanned it would be their fault.

Estates General

1789

There is 3 Estates in total; the clergy, the nobles, and the common people. They meet and would discuss the Governments problems and find solutions to them. The Third Estate broke away and established itself as a National Assembly. It goes against the Declaration of the Rights of Man because number 16, says that a society where the laws are not followed has no constitution at all. When the third estate broke away they weren't following the expectations of the society.

Creation of the National Convention

June 17, 1789 - July 9, 1789

The National Assembly was created from all the changes that was happening with the French Revolution and they did not know what to do with the monarchy so they created the National Convention to decided what to do with the monarchy. The Creation of the National Convention expanded rights for citizens was a supported with number 6 in the Declaration of the Rights of Man.

Tennis Court Oath

June 20, 1789

Tthe First and Second Estate clashed with the Third Estate on a variety of issues. On June 17, the Third Estate decided to break from the Estates General and draw up their own constitution. They were locked out of their regular meeting place and instead met at a Tennis Court. The Tennis Court Oath expanded the rights for citizens and was supportive of the Declaration of the Rights of Man.

Storming Bastille

July 14, 1789

It is known as a date of public holiday in the storming of the revolution. The Bastille was a huge structure that used to be a castle with 8 towers. A rumor passed that a group was planning to storm the building. Threats were made all around. The people of Paris stormed the Bastille in search for gunpowder and their weapons. #2 clearly makes it the Storming Bastille for the Declaration of the Rights of Man because all men and women deserve to have liberty, property, security, and resistance. So the people storming in the Bastille gave them their individual freedom and got their weapons back

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

August 26, 1789

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen, are the rights that were written for the purpose of the protection of the rights of all men and women citizens, giving them the same or equal rights/protections as the other Estates. This clearly supports the letter and spirit of the of Declaration of the Rights of Man because it is the same document.

Counter- Revolution

1792 - 1797

The Counter- Revolution was a revolution against a government established by a Revolution. The counter- Revolution goes with #11 because it specifically states that you have the right of opinion, but you are responsible for the outcome.

Napoleon's Rise to Power

1792 - 1804

Napoleon was a successful military leader, that achieved many victories. Napoleon stepped at a time when France had been in a state of instability after the Revolution. He was able to convince the people of France to declare France an Empire with him as their Emperor. As Emperor he tried to expand the power of France on the continent Once he was defeated by the British, he gave another officer his army and sailed his way back to France. He had told the people of France that the war was a success and he was known as a hero. Napoleon’s Rise of Power was a violation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man because he assumed himself the Emperor of France with no say in it. In reality, it didn't help support anything in the Declaration.

Important Actions of the National Convention

September 21, 1792 - October 26, 1795

After the execution of King Louis the National Convention tightened its hold on France. The National Convention managed the Committee of the Public Safety, and the military defense against France borders. They established the Revolutionary Tribunal, it would eliminate anyone that threatened the Revolution. The Actions of the National Convention in the establishment of the Revolutionary Tribunals was an attack on the Declaration of the Rights of Man, because people were deprived of their rights, their freedom, and even their lives.

Execution of Louis XVI

January 21, 1793

The Montagnards tried to execute the king to prevent a return of monarchy. The king was scheduled to die on January 21, 1793. Louis delivered a speech proclaiming his innocence. Louis was then pushed on the guillotine, which would chop off the victims necks with a sharp blade. The story than spread across Europe quickly and was seen as a horrifying tragedy. The execution of Louis the XVI clearly brought more equality in the long run because it was the beginning of the end of the aristocracy in France. On the other hand, Louis was not given rights to due process and his own rights were not protected. But #9 says that every man is declared non- guilty until proven guilty, Louis was declared guilty and that is why he was executed.

Reign of Terror

September 5, 1793 - July 28, 1794

The bloody Reign of Terror was a 10-month period in which suspected enemies of the revolution were guillotined by the thousands. The killings were carried out under orders from Robespierre, who dominated the Committee of Public Safety until his own execution on July 28, 1794. The Reign of Terror was totally against the Declaration of the Rights of Man (#10) because people were treated unfairly and their rights were violated and in many cases their lives were taken, and should not have killed them for their opinion.

Important Napoleonic Reforms

1804

Napoleon’s agreement named Concordat acknowledged the French citizen that were Catholics. It wasn't a requirement for them to be catholic to be able to get married.
Napoleon also understood the importance of a strong financial system for the stability of France. Therefore he came up with the Bank of France to stabilize the economy. Napoleons legal and educational reforms came from scholars that revised the organized French law and made Napoleonic Code. The Code eliminated many injustices, but as well promoted authority towards individual rights. The Napoleonic Reforms was supportive of the Rights of Man because many legal injustices were ended, however there were restrictions on Freedoms that were contrary to the Declaration of Rights of Man.

Invasion of Russia

June 14, 1812 - December 14, 1812

Napoleon and his men marched across Russia's border. Napoleon’s men were not loyal to him because they were new recruits. Through their long hot journey in the month of July many soldiers suffered from diseases, starvation, which decreased the amount of soldiers. Napoleon wanted a fast victory but there wasn’t a fight to be won. The Russian troops had withdrawn, and the peasants moved east. Napoleon thought Russia was deserted, so he kept moving toward Moscow but couldn’t find a city, which left Napoleon no choice but to leave Moscow. On the way home the Russian’s attacked the French soldiers. The invasion of Russia was created by a man seeking Empire and as a result thousands suffered which made this a violation of the Rights of Man because they had no say in this military action.

Exile to Elba

April 11, 1814

Napoleon was banished to the Mediterranean island of Elba. Napoleon worked hard to improve Elba, and to the observers, it seemed as though Napoleon was content to a life of relative retirement. Though throughout the time he was trying to find a way back to Europe. In Elba he was watched by Austrian and French guards. In February 26, 1815 Napoleon escaped from the guards, returning to France. On March 13, 1815 Napoleon was declared outlaw by the nation. It does not apply.

Congress of Vienna

November 1, 1814 - June 8, 1815

The purpose of the meeting was to create a plan to restore order and stability to Europe after Napoleon's wars. Metternich dominated the Congress of Vienna. His goal was to balance and make Europe peaceful as it once was and restore power to the Monarch’s. They didn't want France to have such power and domination as it had attained under Napoleon. This could support a lot of the Declaration of the Rights of Man because the Kings and Queens were trying to create peace and liberty for everyone.

Battle of Waterloo

June 18, 1815

Napoleon's enemies gathered troops to go fight against Napoleon. The armies met near Waterloo. Britain's allies came to support them, by then Napoleons army was no match to Britain’s and its allies army. Both sides suffered many casualties, a total of 50,000 men. For Napoleon that was the end of his military career. The Battle of Waterloo was a needless making of war which was a violation of the Declaration of Rights of man because the soldiers had no say in the military action taken by Napoleon.