Deaf History, 1500s

Lots of notes taken from: http://libguides.gallaudet.edu/content.php?pid=352126&sid=2881782 http://www.deafjam.org/timeline.html http://www.disabilityhistory.org/timeline_new.html

Main

Girolamo Cardano

Up until now, Aristotle’s claim that Deaf people were dumb and did not have the ability to reason stood unchallenged. Girolamo, a physician, taught his son a set of symbols and showed that Deaf people had the ability to reason.

Rudolf Agricola

Rudolf, a humanist, advocated that thought and speech were separate abilities. This is because he knew Deaf individuals who were capable of writing to communicate.

Joachim du Bellay

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Famous Deaf author and poet. He was credited for helping form modern French language.

Joachin Dubellay

Joachin, a Deaf Poet, published Hymn to Deafness (Only one source)

Pierre de Ronsard

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A hard of hearing (since age 16) famous poet who is recognized due to his sonnets.

Juan Ximenes de Fernandez Navarrete

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Nicknamed El Mudo. Deaf painter appointed by King Philip II.

Apparition of the Virgin to the Deaf-Mute Filippo Viotti

Moretto da Brescia painted the “Apparition of the Virgin to the Deaf-Mute Filippo Viotti” piece which was a depiction of the Italian peasant Filippo who was visited by the Virgin Mary.

Pedro Ponce d Leon

Pedro started teaching the Deaf. He established the first Deaf school. He developed a rough form of sign language.

Lasso

Lasso, a Spanish lawyer, gave inheritance rights to Deaf individuals who could speak by claiming they were no longer dumb. Though, not a large leap due to the Deaf individual still needing to learn how to speak, it still gave some rights to some Deaf individuals.