First Institution for Individuals with Disabilities
Galladeut founded the Connecticut Asylum for the Education and Instruction of Deaf and Dumb Persons in 1817. The school was so successful in its first year that the President at the time came and visited and granted them a large piece of land and a three story building.
Perkins School for the Blind
Originally known as the New England Asylum for the Blind it was the first school for the blind in the United States. The name was later changed to the Perkins School for the Blind.
Elementary and Secondary Education Act
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) expanded access of public education to students with disabilities.
Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children
The Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children vs the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania resulted in free public education for children with mental retardation.
The 1973 Rehabilitation Act was the first civil rights law for the disabled in the United States. It prohibited the discrimination of students with disabilities and required their needs to be met as adequately as those without disabilities.
Education for All Handicapped Children
The Education for All Handicapped Children (EHA) was put into action. This required public schools to offer free education for those with disabilities.
Americans with Disabilities Act
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was put into place in 1990. This act was put into place to be sure there was equal treatment for those with disabilities.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendment
This act was put into place by President Clinton to improve the performance of disabled students within the special education and general education of schools.
No Child Left Behind Act
All students are to be provided a fair, equal, and opportunity to receive a high-quality education. Students with disabilities will receive the proper accommodations and help needed to be successful.
Americans with Disabilities Act Amendment
The Americans with Disability Act Amendment of 2008 clarified and broadened the definition of a disability.