Financial Crisis- 1787-1789: France was deeply in debt. So, France borrowed huge sums of money to spend on wars like the American Revolution. By 1787, Louis XVI was desperate for money, he even tried to tax the Second Estate but the nobles turned it down. Sadly a year later, the country faced bankruptcy.
I think this event goes against the principles in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen because in the first place Louis XVI is borrowing money for wars and went into bankruptcy. Which doesn't really mean freedom, liberty, or equality. Louis XVI shouldn't be really borrowing money for a war that he might have lost or won.
Resources: Word History textbook
Estates General- 1789: The nobles wanted a meeting of the Estates General which was an assembly made up of the three estates, to approve new taxes on the Third Estate. The Third Estate wanted to change the voting process, because the First and Second Estates voted together, outvoting Third Estate.
I think this supports the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen because the Third Estate is trying to take action and try to make it fair. That’s what the rights is all about.
Resources: World History textbook
Storming Bastille- July 14,1789: Louis made a huge mistake because he ordered troops to Paris and Versailles just in case he needed to preserve the monarchy by force. On 5 May 1789, the Estates-General of 1789 had a meeting about to deal with this issue, but were held back by archaic protocols and the controlled of the Second Estate, consisting of the nobility and amounting to only 2% of France's population at the time.
I think this event went against the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen because the mistake that Louis made did not go with the rights of man and citizen.
Counter Revolution- 1789-1815: Counter Revolution was composed of various groups both in and outside of France who were opposed to the French Revolution and actively sought to change its course. Nobles, ecclesiastics, and some bourgeois was part of the counterrevolution. Emigres formed many armed groups close to the northeastern frontier of France and sought help from the rulers of Europe.
This event is against the Declaration of the Right of Man and Citizen because the nobles, ecclesiastics, and bourgeois is a group called counterrevolution who is against the French Revolution and fights to change things that they weren’t happy with. They don’t even live in France and lives outside of France.
Creation of National Assembly- June 17,1789 to July 9 1789: The national assembly was a transitional body between the Estates-General and the National Constituent Assembly. Their job to be concerned over taxation.
I think this event supports the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen because it is keeping their country on task and improving as a country.
Great Fear-July 20th to August 5th 1789: After the storming of Bastille, people were shook up by what they have done. So, they began to fear if the king was going to do and punish them and end the Revolution. People spread rumors about the king that he hired foreign soldiers to punish the Third Estate. So, that’s how the panic called the Great Fear was swept all throughout France.
I think this event is against the Declaration of the Right of Man and Citizen because people should not scared or worrying about their king and what the king is going to do to them. It’s not the way of living in freedom.
Resources: World History textbook
Important Action of the National Convention- August 10, 1792: The mob violence and foreign invasion, the Legislative Assembly felt powerless and voted itself out of existence and wanted a brand new legislature, The National Convention. The National Convention abolished the monarchy and declaring France a republic which was the National Convention’s first acts.
This event supports the Declaration of the Right of Man and Citizen because the Legislative Assembly felt that they couldn’t handle their job anymore, so they took action and let another legislature do the job. The National Assembly smooth things out and kept their country on task.
Resources: World History text book
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen- 1793: In late August, the declaration laid out the basic principles of the French Revolution “liberty, equality, and fraternity”. which was called the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen that the National Assembly adopted. It basically stated that all men are created and born equal no matter what. But the rights did not belong to women, Olympede Gouges, who is a famous Paris playwright, wrote a declaration of rights for women. Sadly, the National Assembly turned it down.
I think it supports and is against the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen because it made people have rights and freedom. But the women did not have the rights which is obviously not right and ALL people and gender are created equal.
Resources- World History textbook
Execution of Louis XVI- January 21, 1793: Louis’s execution took place at the place de la Revolution in Paris. His execution made him the first victim of the Reign of Terror.
This event clearly goes against the Declaration of the Right of Man and Citizen because killing people doesn't really go with liberty, equality, and fraternity.
Resources: World History textbook and http://en.wikipedia.org
Reign of Terror- September 5, 1793 to July 28, 1794: Reign of Terror was a period of violence that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution, incited by conflict between rival political factions. Thousands died. The purpose of the Reign of Terror was to protect the Republic from its internal enemies.
This event supports the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen because it was protect the Republic from their enemies and protecting their country and people.
Napoleon’s Rise to Power- 1796- 1797: In 1796, Napoleon ordered a French army that defeated the larger armies of Austria, one of his country’s rivals. In 1797, France and Austria signed a Treaty of Campo Formio, resulting in territorial gains for the French. Napoleon had a lot of invasions and battles.
This event is against the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen because Napoleon’s rise to power was all about defeat countries and his rivals. Napoleon fought a lot of battles and did a few invasions. He didn’t do anything for the country to have liberty, equality, or fraternity.
Important Napoleonic Reforms- 1804: Napoleon reformed in law, government, and education. Napoleon took on the legal system of France so he developed the Napoleonic Code which refuses privileges based on birth, allowed freedom of religion, and specified that government jobs should go to the most qualified. He controlled the government that it became more efficient like the tax system was applied equally to all. Napoleon built a school for boys age 6 to 10 which is called lycees. The school was mainly about filling positions in his bureaucracy and military.
This event supports the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen because Napoleon did so many successful things to make the country a better one. Not only he helped the country, he helped the taxes and developed the Napoleonic Code.
Invasion of Russia- 1812: The invasion of Russia reduced the French and allied invasion forces to a tiny fraction of their initial strength. The campaign began on 24 June 1812, when Napoleon's forces crossed the Neman River. Napoleon failed to conquer Russia in 1812 for several reasons: faulty logistics, poor discipline, disease, and not the least, the weather.
This event is against the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen because Napoleon failed the invasion and didn't anything to the country.
Exile to Elba- April 11, 1814: Napoleon is banished to the Mediterranean island of Elba. Napoleon's defeat of Waterloo battle ultimately signaled the end of France's domination of Europe. He abdicated for a second time and was exiled to the remote island of Saint Helena, in the southern Atlantic Ocean, where he lived out the rest of his days. He died at age 52 on May 5, 1821, possibly from stomach cancer, although some theories contend he was poisoned.
This event is against the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen because Napoleon pretty much abandoned his country.
Congress of Vienna- September 1814, to June 1815: a congress of the Great Powers of Europe met at Vienna to settle the future boundaries of the continent. The emperors of Austria and Russia, the kings of Prussia, Denmark, Bavaria and Württemberg and many German princes including the Elector of Hesse, the Grand Duke of Baden and the dukes of Saxe-Weimar, Brunswick and Coburg, attended in person.
This event doesn't really support the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen because it involves pretty much the entire world not the France. The Declaration of the Rights of Man of Citizen was mostly focused on France.
Battle of Waterloo- June 18,1815: The battle included British, Germans, Belgians, Dutch and Prussians against the French Grande Armée that took place in the South of Brussels in Belgium. The general strategical plan of the Allied coalition foresaw to concentrate the most possible of their armies before getting engaged in the hostilities and then proceed to invade France. The winners were the British, Germans, Belgians, Dutch and Prussians.
This event supports the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen because Napoleon which was one of the generals, had won the battle.