The first school for disabled children in the Western Hemisphere is created in Hartford, CN.
Council for Exceptional Children
February 24, 1922
This is the first advocacy group for special needs children. The CEC is one of the largest special education advocacy groups. This group ensures that children with special needs receive FAPE.
National Association for Retarded Citizens
October 20, 1950
The NARC was formed by 23 different groups that came together as one to advocate for these students. The NARC consisted of over 200,000 members and helped with litigation and making sure all parts of the judicial process were met.
Penn Association for Retarded Children v Commonwealth of Penn
October 8, 1971
PARC v Penn called for students with disabilities to be places in publicly funded school settings that met their individual educational needs.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act
Allows protection from discrimination of special needs and disabilities. This law is considered the first law giving protection to students with special needs. This law includes FAPE and LRE. Students are eligible with a mental or physical disability.
Education for All Handicapped Children Act
This act made sure that students with disabilities would be educated in public schools. EAHCA provided free education for children 3-21, supplemental services and least restricted environment.
Handicapped Children's Protection Act
August 6, 1986
This law gives parents of children with disabilities more say in the development of their child's individual education plan. (IEP)
October 30, 1990
This law includes 6 pillars: FAPE, LRE, IEP, evaluation, parent and student participation and all procedural safeguards for participants. This law also has 4 sections.
No Child Left Behind Act
January 8, 2002
This act states that all students should be proficient in math and reading by 2014. This act was meant to work for all students and even students with disabilities. The students with disabilities were given extra help in test situations.
December 3, 2014
Changes to the IEP process were added. Students are meant to have as many regular education opportunities as needed and more participation in the IEP process between parents, regular ed teachers and IEP managers.