The great fire of London happened to be on the night of the 2nd of September 1666. It first it was just a small fire at the Pudding Lane, in the bakeshop of Thomas Farynor, baker of King Charles II of England. At one in the morning, a helper woke to find the house aflame. Eventually the baker and his family escaped from the fire, but a frightened maid died in the fire. Most of the house in London at that time were still made of wood and pitch construction, easily damaged by fire, and it did not take long for the fire to spread. The fire soon got to the hay and feed piles on field of the Star Inn at Fish Street Hill, and spread to the Inn too. The wind was also really dangerous when there is a fire going on.
In this case the wind sent the sparks to the Church of St. Margaret, then on spread to the Thames Streets, with a riverside warehouse and wharves, where there is everything that is flammable like oil, hemp, hay, coal, animal oil, wood, along with other flammable things. The firefighters couldn’t help stop the fire with buckets of water from the river. By evening at eight in the morning, the fire had spread halfway through the London Bridge. In 1633, there was a fire too that caused a gap, that was the only thing that stopped the fire from spreading to Southwark. The standard method to stop the fire was to destroy the house that is on the path of the fire. But the Lord Mayor Bludworth hesitated and worried about the cost of rebuilding those houses. By the time the Royal command came down by Samuel Pepys, the flame could no longer be stopped. After three days of unchecked, the fire stopped near to Temple Church. Then it suddenly continued again and continued to go straight to the Westminster.
The Duke of York (later became King James II) ordered the Paper house to be destroyed so that the fire would stop, and so the fire stopped. Though the loss of life was not much (a source say only sixteen died). The loss of property was surprising, about 430 acres, 80% of the city’s property was destroyed, with 13,000 houses, 89 churches, and 52 Guild Halls. The Great Fire and other fire in 1676, it has ruined over 600 houses south of the river, it changed London Forever. The Great Fire of London has one positive effect which that the plague had decrease because the masses of plague carrying rats were dying in the fire. By this fire, London was redesigned with brick rather than timber, as it is flammable, the plan was appointed by Charles II. The bakery which started everything was now on the street called the Monument Street.