Bernoulli Family

Family Member Lifespans

Leon Bernoulli Great(3) grandfather dies


surgeon, dies

Jacob Bernoulli Great Grandfather(2) dies


Jacob Bernoulli, Grandfather

1598 - 1634

Nicholaus, Bernoulli, Great Grandfather, dies


Nicolaus Bernoulli, Father

1623 - 1708

Jacob Bernoulli (eldest brother)

1654 - 1705

Nicolaus Bernoulli (middle brother : Artist)

1662 - 1716

Artist and City Alderman, Basel

Johann Bernouli (youngest brother) (Taught Euler)

1667 - 1748

Nicolaus Bernoulli, older Brother of Daniel

1695 - 1726

Daniel Bernoulli( 2nd Son of Johann) (close frnd Euler)

1700 - 1782

Johann Bernoulli II, Younger Brother of Daniel

1710 - 1790

Family Decisions, Events and Contributions

Bernoulli's Depart Antwerp for Frankfurt


Jacob and Francina take family

Bernoullis move to Amsterdam; return Frankfurt after time


Bernoullis move to Basel and remain


Jacob Bernoulli Chair of Mathematisc at University in Basel


Holds until Death in 1705

Johann Professor of Mathematics Groningen


Jacob & Johann elected to Paris Academy


Johann Chair Mathematics University at Basel


Jaccob Bernoulli dies , Succeeded by Johan as Chair, Math U Basel

Daniel & Nicolaus move to St. Petersburg Russia


Opening of St Petersburg Academy 13NOV1775

Nicolaus dies in Russia at 31 years of age


Crushes Daniel

Daniel Botany Prof at U of Basel


Daniel Bernoulli Publishes Hydrodynamica


Daniel Bernoull and Leonhard Euler Share Paris Prize


For work on Tides.
Daniel would win 10 over his lifetime
Leonhard would win 12

Johan Bernoulli Chair of Elquence U of Basel


Daniel Bernoulli Chair of Physiology U.Basel, Shares Paris Prize with his Father


Father Throws Daniel out of house. Takes Prize Sharing as insult.

Johann Bernoulli II Chair Mathematics U Basel upon Father's Death


Daniel Bernoulli Chair of Physics U of Basel until death


Daniel Bernoulli wins 10th and final Paris Prize


Stability of ships in storms.

Daniel publishes probability paper on Smallpox innoculation (efficacy)


At the time He estimated that 3/4 of European population infected and 10% of deaths were due to Smallpox.
Some risk inproceedure but as refined ended Smallpox.

Events Relating to the Family

Duke of Alba, Govrenor of Netherlands

1567 - 1573

1568-1648 The Eighty Years' War, or Dutch Revolt

1568 - 1648

The Eighty Years' War, or Dutch Revolt was the secession war in which the proto-Netherlands first became an independent country and in which the region now known as Belgium became established. It was carried on by the Calvinist and predominantly mercantile Dutch provinces.

St Bartholomew's Day Massacre


10,000 French Huguenots killed

Spanish Fury


Antwerp, Holland
8000 Huguenots Killed
Duke of Alba,Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Appointed Govrenor of the Netherlands 1507 - 1582

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Euler arrives St Petersburg


Works closely with Daniel Bernoulli

Euler Moves to Berlin


Euler returns Permanently to St Petersburg


Math Community and events

John Napier Inventor of Logarithms

1550 - 1617

Pierre de Fermat (Hobbyist-early contributions)

1601 - 1665

John Wallis (influenced Newton & Leibniz)

1616 - 1703

Blaise Pascal ( Influenced Leibniz )

1623 - 1662

1623 Jun 19, Blaise Pascal (d.1662), French mathematician, physicist, religious writer, was born. He affirmed that the heart has its reasons, that reason does not comprehend. The French mathematician invented the roulette wheel in an effort to create a perpetual motion machine. He formulated the first laws of atmospheric pressure, equilibrium of liquids and probability." All the troubles of man come from his not knowing how to sit still."

Issac Barrow (Newton's Teacher)

1630 - 1677

James Gregory (Influenced Taylor)

1638 - 1675

Developed a power series method for interpolating table values.

Isaac Newton (Co-creator, Calculus)

1642 - 1727

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (Co-creator,Calculus)

1646 - 1716

Guillame L' Hopital

1661 - 1704

Newton develops FLUXIONS (CALCULUS)

1665 - 1666

Did not publish at the time

Leibniz Develops Calculus

1676 - 1677

Leibniz publishes Calculus (Name sticks)


Acta Eruditorum

Brook Taylor (power series)

1685 - 1731

1715: published work on polynomial approximations of transcendental functions

Newton's Math Principles ;differential and integral calculus published


Jul 5, The first volume of Isaac Newton's "Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica" ("Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy") was published in Latin by Edmund Halley. His invention of differential and integral calculus is here presented.

Colin MacLaurin (power series)

1698 - 1746

With Taylor, most commonly associated with Power Series.

Emilie du Chatele, Mathemetician & Physisist; Author

1706 - 1749

Leonard Euler (close frnd Daniel B.)

1707 - 1783

Maria Gaetana Agnesi

1718 - 1799

Joseph-Louis La Grange

1736 - 1813

Emilie du Chatelet's Translation of Newton's Principia Maqthematica Published


The work remains to this day the standard French Translation.
Her translation and commentary greatly contributed to the the acceptance of Newtonian Science ion Europe. (see Larson pg 490)

Other Scientific Events

Johannes Kepler, father of modern astronomy

1571 - 1630

1571 Dec 27, Johannes Kepler (d.1630), German astronomer known as the "father of modern astronomy," was born. Working with the data gathered by Tycho Brahe, he established the three laws of planetary motion:
a) The planets do not travel in concentric circles, but in ellipses, with the sun at one of the two foci of the ellipse.
b) A radius vector joining a planet to the sun sweeps out equal areas in equal times.
c) The third law asserted a mathematical relation between the periods of revolution of the planets and their distance from the sun.

Tycho Brahe publishes discovery of a new star


1588 Tycho Brahe moves to Prague


Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer, had his financial support cut by a new Danish king and moved to Prague where his student, Johannes Kepler, aided him and to whom he left all his astronomical data.

The microscope is invented.


Galileo invents the telescope.


Royal Society Chartered by King Charles II


The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, known as the Royal Society, is a learned society for science, and is possibly the oldest such society in existence.[1] Founded in November 1660, it was granted a Royal Charter by King Charles II as the "Royal Society of London".

The French Academy of Sciences founded.


1666 The French Academy of Sciences was founded.

The smallpox vaccination was 1st administrated


1721 Apr 26, The smallpox vaccination was 1st administrated. Lady Mary Wortley Montegu had returned to England following a stay in Turkey with her ambassador husband. She had learned of a procedure to inoculate against smallpox and began a campaign to have the procedure established.

Benjamin Franklin and John Bartram found American Philosophical Society


Benjamin Franklin and John Bartram founded the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia as an American counterpart to the British Royal Society.

World Events

National Univ. of Mexico was founded.


Roanoke Island, becomes England's first foothold in the New World.


Jul 13, A group of 108 English colonists, led by Sir Richard Grenville, reached Roanoke Island, North Carolina. Roanoke Island near North Carolina became England's first foothold in the New World.

English Navy destroys Spanish Armada.


The Globe Theater has its first recorded performance.


Dutch East India Company chartered


Mar 20, The Dutch East India Company was chartered to carry on trade in the East Indies. The company traded to 1798 whereupon its possessions were dissolved into the Dutch empire.

Mayflower reaches Plymouth, Mass


Dec 21, The Mayflower reached Plymouth, Mass

Colonial Williamsburg founded.


Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia, a small city between the York and James rivers was founded.

Hudson Bay Co. chartered by England's King Charles II


1670 May 2, The Company of Adventurers of England Trading into Hudson Bay (the Hudson Bay Co.) was chartered by England's King Charles II to exploit the resources of the Hudson Bay area. By 2006 it had mutated into Canada’s largest non-food retailer.

Pueblo Indians took p Santa Fe, N.M. from the Spanish.


Aug 21, Pueblo Indians took possession of Santa Fe, N.M., after driving out the Spanish. They destroyed almost all of the Spanish churches in Taos and Santa Fe

Williamsburg becomes the capital of Virginia


Williamsburg became the capital of Virginia and served as the capital of the British colony until 1780.

First steam engine built.


1705 The first steam engine was built.

Benjamin Franklin

1706 - 1790

Jan 17, Benjamin Franklin (d.1790), American statesman, was born in Boston

George Washington first president of the United States

1732 - 1799

Feb 22, George Washington (d.1799) the first president of the United States was born in Westmoreland, Virginia.

John Adams 2nd Pres U.S.

1735 - 1826

Died same day as Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson third president of the United States

1743 - 1826

Apr 13, Thomas Jefferson (d.1826), the third president of the United States, was born in present-day Albemarle County, Va.

John Adams innoculated for Smallpox


Boston Massacre.


March 5, British troops taunted by a crowd of colonists fired on an unruly mob in Boston and killed five citizens in what came to be known as the Boston Massacre.

American Revolutionary War begins


1775 Apr 19, Alerted by Paul Revere the American Revolutionary War began at Lexington Common with the Battle of Lexington-Concord.