Bernoulli Family

Family Member Lifespans

Leon Bernoulli Great(3) grandfather dies

1561

surgeon, dies

Jacob Bernoulli Great Grandfather(2) dies

1583

Jacob Bernoulli, Grandfather

1598 - 1634

Nicholaus, Bernoulli, Great Grandfather, dies

1608

Nicolaus Bernoulli, Father

1623 - 1708

Jacob Bernoulli (eldest brother)

1654 - 1705

Nicolaus Bernoulli (middle brother : Artist)

1662 - 1716

Artist and City Alderman, Basel

Johann Bernouli (youngest brother) (Taught Euler)

1667 - 1748

Nicolaus Bernoulli, older Brother of Daniel

1695 - 1726

Daniel Bernoulli( 2nd Son of Johann) (close frnd Euler)

1700 - 1782

Johann Bernoulli II, Younger Brother of Daniel

1710 - 1790

Family Decisions, Events and Contributions

Bernoulli's Depart Antwerp for Frankfurt

1567

Jacob and Francina take family

Bernoullis move to Amsterdam; return Frankfurt after time

1592

Bernoullis move to Basel and remain

1620

Jacob Bernoulli Chair of Mathematisc at University in Basel

1687

Holds until Death in 1705

Johann Professor of Mathematics Groningen

1695

Jacob & Johann elected to Paris Academy

1699

Johann Chair Mathematics University at Basel

1705

Jaccob Bernoulli dies , Succeeded by Johan as Chair, Math U Basel

Daniel & Nicolaus move to St. Petersburg Russia

1725

Opening of St Petersburg Academy 13NOV1775

Nicolaus dies in Russia at 31 years of age

1726

Crushes Daniel

Daniel Botany Prof at U of Basel

1733

Daniel Bernoulli Publishes Hydrodynamica

1738

Daniel Bernoull and Leonhard Euler Share Paris Prize

1740

For work on Tides.
Daniel would win 10 over his lifetime
Leonhard would win 12

Johan Bernoulli Chair of Elquence U of Basel

1743

Daniel Bernoulli Chair of Physiology U.Basel, Shares Paris Prize with his Father

1743

Father Throws Daniel out of house. Takes Prize Sharing as insult.

Johann Bernoulli II Chair Mathematics U Basel upon Father's Death

1748

Daniel Bernoulli Chair of Physics U of Basel until death

1750

Daniel Bernoulli wins 10th and final Paris Prize

1757

Stability of ships in storms.

Daniel publishes probability paper on Smallpox innoculation (efficacy)

1760

At the time He estimated that 3/4 of European population infected and 10% of deaths were due to Smallpox.
Some risk inproceedure but as refined ended Smallpox.

Events Relating to the Family

Duke of Alba, Govrenor of Netherlands

1567 - 1573

1568-1648 The Eighty Years' War, or Dutch Revolt

1568 - 1648

The Eighty Years' War, or Dutch Revolt was the secession war in which the proto-Netherlands first became an independent country and in which the region now known as Belgium became established. It was carried on by the Calvinist and predominantly mercantile Dutch provinces.

St Bartholomew's Day Massacre

1572

10,000 French Huguenots killed

Spanish Fury

1576

Antwerp, Holland
8000 Huguenots Killed
Duke of Alba,Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Appointed Govrenor of the Netherlands 1507 - 1582

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Euler arrives St Petersburg

1727

Works closely with Daniel Bernoulli

Euler Moves to Berlin

1741

Euler returns Permanently to St Petersburg

1766

Math Community and events

John Napier Inventor of Logarithms

1550 - 1617

Pierre de Fermat (Hobbyist-early contributions)

1601 - 1665

John Wallis (influenced Newton & Leibniz)

1616 - 1703

Blaise Pascal ( Influenced Leibniz )

1623 - 1662

1623 Jun 19, Blaise Pascal (d.1662), French mathematician, physicist, religious writer, was born. He affirmed that the heart has its reasons, that reason does not comprehend. The French mathematician invented the roulette wheel in an effort to create a perpetual motion machine. He formulated the first laws of atmospheric pressure, equilibrium of liquids and probability." All the troubles of man come from his not knowing how to sit still."

Issac Barrow (Newton's Teacher)

1630 - 1677

James Gregory (Influenced Taylor)

1638 - 1675

Developed a power series method for interpolating table values.

Isaac Newton (Co-creator, Calculus)

1642 - 1727

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (Co-creator,Calculus)

1646 - 1716

Guillame L' Hopital

1661 - 1704

Newton develops FLUXIONS (CALCULUS)

1665 - 1666

Did not publish at the time

Leibniz Develops Calculus

1676 - 1677

Leibniz publishes Calculus (Name sticks)

1684

Acta Eruditorum

Brook Taylor (power series)

1685 - 1731

1715: published work on polynomial approximations of transcendental functions

Newton's Math Principles ;differential and integral calculus published

1687

Jul 5, The first volume of Isaac Newton's "Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica" ("Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy") was published in Latin by Edmund Halley. His invention of differential and integral calculus is here presented.

Colin MacLaurin (power series)

1698 - 1746

With Taylor, most commonly associated with Power Series.

Emilie du Chatele, Mathemetician & Physisist; Author

1706 - 1749

Leonard Euler (close frnd Daniel B.)

1707 - 1783

Maria Gaetana Agnesi

1718 - 1799

Joseph-Louis La Grange

1736 - 1813

Emilie du Chatelet's Translation of Newton's Principia Maqthematica Published

1759

The work remains to this day the standard French Translation.
Her translation and commentary greatly contributed to the the acceptance of Newtonian Science ion Europe. (see Larson pg 490)

Other Scientific Events

Johannes Kepler, father of modern astronomy

1571 - 1630

1571 Dec 27, Johannes Kepler (d.1630), German astronomer known as the "father of modern astronomy," was born. Working with the data gathered by Tycho Brahe, he established the three laws of planetary motion:
a) The planets do not travel in concentric circles, but in ellipses, with the sun at one of the two foci of the ellipse.
b) A radius vector joining a planet to the sun sweeps out equal areas in equal times.
c) The third law asserted a mathematical relation between the periods of revolution of the planets and their distance from the sun.

Tycho Brahe publishes discovery of a new star

1573

1588 Tycho Brahe moves to Prague

1588

Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer, had his financial support cut by a new Danish king and moved to Prague where his student, Johannes Kepler, aided him and to whom he left all his astronomical data.

The microscope is invented.

1590

Galileo invents the telescope.

1621

Royal Society Chartered by King Charles II

1660

The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, known as the Royal Society, is a learned society for science, and is possibly the oldest such society in existence.[1] Founded in November 1660, it was granted a Royal Charter by King Charles II as the "Royal Society of London".

The French Academy of Sciences founded.

1666

1666 The French Academy of Sciences was founded.

The smallpox vaccination was 1st administrated

1721

1721 Apr 26, The smallpox vaccination was 1st administrated. Lady Mary Wortley Montegu had returned to England following a stay in Turkey with her ambassador husband. She had learned of a procedure to inoculate against smallpox and began a campaign to have the procedure established.

Benjamin Franklin and John Bartram found American Philosophical Society

1743

Benjamin Franklin and John Bartram founded the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia as an American counterpart to the British Royal Society.

World Events

National Univ. of Mexico was founded.

1551

Roanoke Island, becomes England's first foothold in the New World.

1585

Jul 13, A group of 108 English colonists, led by Sir Richard Grenville, reached Roanoke Island, North Carolina. Roanoke Island near North Carolina became England's first foothold in the New World.

English Navy destroys Spanish Armada.

1588

The Globe Theater has its first recorded performance.

1599

Dutch East India Company chartered

1602

Mar 20, The Dutch East India Company was chartered to carry on trade in the East Indies. The company traded to 1798 whereupon its possessions were dissolved into the Dutch empire.

Mayflower reaches Plymouth, Mass

1620

Dec 21, The Mayflower reached Plymouth, Mass

Colonial Williamsburg founded.

1632

Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia, a small city between the York and James rivers was founded.

Hudson Bay Co. chartered by England's King Charles II

1670

1670 May 2, The Company of Adventurers of England Trading into Hudson Bay (the Hudson Bay Co.) was chartered by England's King Charles II to exploit the resources of the Hudson Bay area. By 2006 it had mutated into Canada’s largest non-food retailer.

Pueblo Indians took p Santa Fe, N.M. from the Spanish.

1680

Aug 21, Pueblo Indians took possession of Santa Fe, N.M., after driving out the Spanish. They destroyed almost all of the Spanish churches in Taos and Santa Fe

Williamsburg becomes the capital of Virginia

1699

Williamsburg became the capital of Virginia and served as the capital of the British colony until 1780.

First steam engine built.

1705

1705 The first steam engine was built.

Benjamin Franklin

1706 - 1790

Jan 17, Benjamin Franklin (d.1790), American statesman, was born in Boston

George Washington first president of the United States

1732 - 1799

Feb 22, George Washington (d.1799) the first president of the United States was born in Westmoreland, Virginia.

John Adams 2nd Pres U.S.

1735 - 1826

Died same day as Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson third president of the United States

1743 - 1826

Apr 13, Thomas Jefferson (d.1826), the third president of the United States, was born in present-day Albemarle County, Va.

John Adams innoculated for Smallpox

1764

Boston Massacre.

1770

March 5, British troops taunted by a crowd of colonists fired on an unruly mob in Boston and killed five citizens in what came to be known as the Boston Massacre.

American Revolutionary War begins

1775

1775 Apr 19, Alerted by Paul Revere the American Revolutionary War began at Lexington Common with the Battle of Lexington-Concord.