Born 7th November 1728, in Marton-in-Cleveland, Yorkshire, England, a young man James Cook. Grew up to be a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy. In 1770, Captain Cook discovered the South East coast of Australia, landing in Botany Bay. On 22 August 1770, he claimed the whole of the east coast of Australia at Possession Island, naming eastern Australia New South Wales. He died at the age of 50, 14 February 1779.