In the second millennium, the Holy Spirit guided Christ's followers to carry the good news beyond Europe to new communities.
The United States (1511)
Three diocese were established in North America. The earliest missionaries in America were Jesuits, Franciscans, and Capuchins. The influence of these missions extended from Florida to California in the modern United States. Their job was to proclaim the Gospel to Native American Indians.
Began with the arrival of the Portuguese in India. In 1542, one of the famous missionaries St Francis Xavier began to preach, baptise and convert a large number of people.
In 1549, St Francis Xavier landed at Kagoshima and the mission he flourished. In 1855, missionaries noticed a group of Japanese showing devotion in the mission chapel in Nagasaki. They were descendants of persecuted Catholics in 1638. They managed to keep their faith for 2 centuries without a priest. In 1945, around 8,500 Catholics were killed by the atomic bomb over Nagasaki.
In 1552, St Francis Xavier passed away on his journey to China. During 1581, there was a clash between Christianity and Chinese culture which became a major deterrent to the missionaries. Unfortunately, in the 19th century, colonial powers had invaded China, so Chinese culture/ traditions were torn apart. This made the Chinese culture grow weaker, so Christianity grew rapidly, having almost 2 million Catholics by 1922.
Society of missionaries of Africa or White Fathers was founded. Missionaries in Uganda (severe hardships and danger). The church in north, east and west Africa expanded with millions of new church members over the 20th century. Today, African churches are led by African bishops, priests and laity.
Australia (1788 - 1920)
The church began in 1788. There were no priests to lead the people, so they kept their faith. Priests arrived in 1820 to minister the Catholics, while the sisters set up communities to work with people. 1 in 5 Australians were affiliated with the Catholic church.