In 1767, George III named William Pitt to head a new government. Pitt chronically ill and often absent from parliamentary debates, left chancellor if the exchequer Charles Townshend in command. The new tax legislation, The Townshend Act of 1767, had both fiscal and political goals. It imposed duties in colonial imports of paper, paints, glass, and tea that were expected to raise about £40,000 a year. Though Townshend did allocate some of the revenue if American military expenses, he earmarked most of it to pay the salaries of royal governors, judges, and other imperial officials.
Leading to the Revolution
Parliament repealed all the Townshend duties except the tax on tea, leading to a temporary truce between the two sides in the years before the American Revolution. Townshend hoped the acts would clear imperial expenses in the colonies, but many Americans viewed the radiation as an abuse of power. That then resulted in the passage of agreements to limit imports from Britain.