Voc Timeline

Africa

Old Imperialism

1450 - 1750

America was colonized. Europeans were primarily focused on spreading their religion, trading goods, and looking for gold.

Cape Colony

1806 - 1910

This is the southern most colony on the continent of Africa. The British have had a presence there since 1806. The Boers, dutch settlers,who populated the region butted heads with British officials. This led to conflict and several wars in the area.

Leopold II

1835 - 1909

Chiefly remembered for brutal treatment of the Congo Free State, or Belgian Congo.

Dr. David Livingston

1840 - 1873

Missionary in southern cape of Africa.

Social Darwinism

1870 - 1900

Theory that the fittest and most able will survive in all apsects of life.

New Imperialism

1870 - 1914

Europeans were primarily focused on extending their power and acquiring land. They were also searching for cheao raw materials.

H. M. Stanley

1877 - 1898

Famous explorer who explored the interior of Africa. Found Dr. Livingstone and founded the Belgian Congo.

Scramble for Africa

1881 - 1914

European countries "scrambled" for their pice of Africa, paying little mind to the indigenous people already there. Major part of Imperialsim.

Ethiopia

1882 - 1896

Italy tried to conquer Ethiopia, but were defeated. Ethiopia remained one of the few countries who were free from European influece during the new imperialism age. The were latered conquered by Mussolini in the 1930s.

Sudan

1882 - 1899

Great Britain had control of Sudan. Treated them inferior to Egypt. Britain defined line between both in 1899.

Berlin Conference

1884 - 1885

The meeting in Berlin where Europ edivided up Africa for themselves as peacefully as possible.

Belgian Congo

1885 - 1908

Middle of Africa geographically. Was ruled by King Leopold II, who was an extremely cruel leader from Belgium.

General Horatio H. Kitchener

1886 - 1914

He was famous military hero in great Britain. He won the battle of omdurman and was made the governor of Sudan. He later had a large influence in the Boer War, where incidently, the term "concentration camp" was coined.

Cecil Rhodes

1890 - 1896

He was the prime minister of the cape colony for six years. He had an enormous impact in Africa. He named several countries after himself, whose names have changed by now. The world renown Rhodes Scholarship was created by him.

Kruger Telegram

1896

Kaiser Wolhelm II sent a telegram to the Boers, congratulating them on their victory over the British with no German assistance. This sparked outrage and panic in Great Britain.

Fashoda Incident

1898

France worked their way up the nile and into British territory. Great Britain and France almost came to blows, but eventually settled the dispute diplomatically.

Battle of Omderman

1898

Sudanese troops were massacred by the British as a result of better war technology.

Boer War

1899 - 1902

The Boers fight the British for independence. They are successful at first, but eventually fall.

Rudyard Kipling

1899

Big supporter of Imperialism. He wrote "The White Man's Burden."

The White Man's Burden

1899

Poem by Rudyard Kipling that angrily supports Imperialsim.

Egypt, Protecterate

1914 - 1922

Great Britain controlled an unhappy Egypt, who gained independence in 1922.

Asia

British East India Company

1600 - 1874

Ran a huge monopoly on trading in the eastern world. They were very influentila an dchartrred by the queen of England. They made a lot of money.

Robert Clive

1725 - 1774

Englishman who established the large military presence in India.

Opium Wars

1839 - 1860

China was extremely exclusionary during this time and refused to trade with Europe. As a result Great Britain bought quantities of opium very cheap in India and sold it to the people of China. They became extremely addicted and the country fell to ruin. China made war with Britain to stop the sell of the drug that devastated their country.

Treaty of Nanking

1842

Peace treaty to end the first opium war.

Sepoy Mutiny

1857 - 1858

A mutiny of sepoys in the British East India company, which led to the Indian revolution.

Indochina

1858 - 1954

Colony in southeast Asia that was rulled by the French. There were wars and violence when the indigenous people fought for their freedom.

Karl Marx, Das Kaptial

1867

A book written by the political theorist Karl Marx. It heavily critisized capitalism.

Indian National Congress

1885 - 1920

Political party in India that Ghandi represented in his peaceful struggle for peace. Still around today.

Sino-Japanese war

1894 - 1895

War between Japan and China. Showed world that Japan was a force to be reckened with and that China was weak.

Boxer Rebellion

1900

Peasent uprising in China. The Boxer's wanted to eradicated the influence of the white Europeans. It was an extremely violent event that killed many.

Spheres of Influence

1900

A territorial area over which political or economic influence is wielded by one nation. This was predominant in China and Asia.

J. A. Hobson

1902

English economist who heavily criticised imperialism.

Russo-Japanese War

1904 - 1905

War between Russia and Japan, who were competing imperial forces in China. Russia lost much of it's influence.