America was colonized. Europeans were primarily focused on spreading their religion, trading goods, and looking for gold.
1806 - 1910
This is the southern most colony on the continent of Africa. The British have had a presence there since 1806. The Boers, dutch settlers,who populated the region butted heads with British officials. This led to conflict and several wars in the area.
1835 - 1909
Chiefly remembered for brutal treatment of the Congo Free State, or Belgian Congo.
Dr. David Livingston
1840 - 1873
Missionary in southern cape of Africa.
1870 - 1900
Theory that the fittest and most able will survive in all apsects of life.
1870 - 1914
Europeans were primarily focused on extending their power and acquiring land. They were also searching for cheao raw materials.
H. M. Stanley
1877 - 1898
Famous explorer who explored the interior of Africa. Found Dr. Livingstone and founded the Belgian Congo.
Scramble for Africa
1881 - 1914
European countries "scrambled" for their pice of Africa, paying little mind to the indigenous people already there. Major part of Imperialsim.
1882 - 1896
Italy tried to conquer Ethiopia, but were defeated. Ethiopia remained one of the few countries who were free from European influece during the new imperialism age. The were latered conquered by Mussolini in the 1930s.
1882 - 1899
Great Britain had control of Sudan. Treated them inferior to Egypt. Britain defined line between both in 1899.
1884 - 1885
The meeting in Berlin where Europ edivided up Africa for themselves as peacefully as possible.
1885 - 1908
Middle of Africa geographically. Was ruled by King Leopold II, who was an extremely cruel leader from Belgium.
General Horatio H. Kitchener
1886 - 1914
He was famous military hero in great Britain. He won the battle of omdurman and was made the governor of Sudan. He later had a large influence in the Boer War, where incidently, the term "concentration camp" was coined.
1890 - 1896
He was the prime minister of the cape colony for six years. He had an enormous impact in Africa. He named several countries after himself, whose names have changed by now. The world renown Rhodes Scholarship was created by him.
Kaiser Wolhelm II sent a telegram to the Boers, congratulating them on their victory over the British with no German assistance. This sparked outrage and panic in Great Britain.
France worked their way up the nile and into British territory. Great Britain and France almost came to blows, but eventually settled the dispute diplomatically.
Battle of Omderman
Sudanese troops were massacred by the British as a result of better war technology.
1899 - 1902
The Boers fight the British for independence. They are successful at first, but eventually fall.
Big supporter of Imperialism. He wrote "The White Man's Burden."
The White Man's Burden
Poem by Rudyard Kipling that angrily supports Imperialsim.
1914 - 1922
Great Britain controlled an unhappy Egypt, who gained independence in 1922.
British East India Company
1600 - 1874
Ran a huge monopoly on trading in the eastern world. They were very influentila an dchartrred by the queen of England. They made a lot of money.
1725 - 1774
Englishman who established the large military presence in India.
1839 - 1860
China was extremely exclusionary during this time and refused to trade with Europe. As a result Great Britain bought quantities of opium very cheap in India and sold it to the people of China. They became extremely addicted and the country fell to ruin. China made war with Britain to stop the sell of the drug that devastated their country.
Treaty of Nanking
Peace treaty to end the first opium war.
1857 - 1858
A mutiny of sepoys in the British East India company, which led to the Indian revolution.
1858 - 1954
Colony in southeast Asia that was rulled by the French. There were wars and violence when the indigenous people fought for their freedom.
Karl Marx, Das Kaptial
A book written by the political theorist Karl Marx. It heavily critisized capitalism.
Indian National Congress
1885 - 1920
Political party in India that Ghandi represented in his peaceful struggle for peace. Still around today.
1894 - 1895
War between Japan and China. Showed world that Japan was a force to be reckened with and that China was weak.
Peasent uprising in China. The Boxer's wanted to eradicated the influence of the white Europeans. It was an extremely violent event that killed many.
Spheres of Influence
A territorial area over which political or economic influence is wielded by one nation. This was predominant in China and Asia.
J. A. Hobson
English economist who heavily criticised imperialism.
1904 - 1905
War between Russia and Japan, who were competing imperial forces in China. Russia lost much of it's influence.