Child was found living in the forest.
Dr. Jean‐Marc Itard began working with “Victor” to teach him.
Set out to show that environment has an effect on development.
First example of an IEP
Beginning of modern special education
First Publicly Funded Institution
The first school for individuals with intellectual disabilities was opened by Samuel Gridley Howe, serving 10 students.
Approx. 1900 - Approx. 1970
Disabled adults were forced into sterilization. Indiana enacted this law in 1907 and 32 additional states followed suit.
Approx. 1930 - Approx. 1950
Peak numbers of individuals with disabilities were institutionalized in the United States
National Association of Parents and Friends of Mentally Retarded Children
Parents began rallying together, forming advocacy groups in support of their children with intellectual disabilities. Later, renamed as the Arc.
Brown v. Board of Education
Determined that separate but equal is not equal. Schools were no longer allowed to segregate. This opened the doors for students with disabilities to no longer be separated.
Education for All Handicapped Children Act (P.L. 94-142)
Mandated a free and appropriate public education for every school-aged child with a disability in the United States
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Law passed to ensure equal treatment and equal opportunities for people with disabilities. Public accommodations must be made and equal employment opportunities for individuals with disabilities are enforced.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
1990 - 2004
Renamed the EAHCA to IDEA. Mandated that transition planning and services be part of the IEP process. Held students in special education to higher learning standards and provided these students with highly-qualified educators
The term "intellectual disability" officially replaces the term "mental retardation" in federal government documents