The Evolution of Gum

Gum

Ancient Greek Gum

3150 B.C - 50 B.C

The Ancient Greeks chewed mastic gum, for centuries. The chewy substance is made out of the resin from a mastic tree. This tree is naturally found in Greece and in Turkey. It is thought that Grecian women liked chewed this gum to clean their teeth and to help their breath.

Ancient Gum

3150 B.C - 50 B.C

Americas

The Maya's Gum

2000 B.C - 250 A.D

The mayans made the quick discovery of gum as soon as their civilization began. This gum or sap is famously known as chicle; which happens to be the sap from the sapodilla tree. Chicle is essentially a latex.

Native American's Gum

1492 - 1848

Native American's are chewing the gum from native sap trees. Soon this habit is passed to coming settlers. Settlers improve the sap; mixing it with beeswax.

State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum

1848 - 1850

John B. Curtis makes and sells the very first chewing gum in America. John and his broth make this discovery in Maine on top of a Franklin stove. The flavor is supposed to be gross and distasteful to many.

A New Idea

1850 - 1869

Curtis changes his mind to a paraffin gum instead of his spruce gum. Some of the parafin flavors included: White Mountain, Biggest and Best, Four-in-Hand, Sugar Cream, and Licorice Lulu.

Intoductions

1869 - 1871

Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna introduces Thomas Adams to the Ancient chicle.

A Patent

1869 - 1871

Although Curtis is credited for the first commercial gum the patent belongs to William Finley Semple. The patent number is 98,304. Semple is from Ohio, his occupation was a dentist.

Another Patent

1871 - 1880

Thomas Adams takes his knowledge and patents a machine that makes gum.

Flavor

1880 - 1888

This new victory is found by John Colgan. He finds a way to make the flavor stay even while chewing.

Tutti Frutti

1888 - 1898

The Adams' chewing gum becomes the first gum to be sold in a vending machine. The vending machine was located in a New York subway station.

Dentyne

1899 - 1906

Dentyne gum is created by druggist Franklin V. Canning in New York.

Blibber-Blubber

1906 - 1914

Frank Fleer invented the first bubble gum called Blibber-Blubber However, the bubble blowing chewing gum was never sold to the public.

Wriggley

1914 - 1928

Wriggly Doublement dominates the chewing gum field. William Wrigley, Jr. and Henry Fleer are responsible for adding the now popular mint and fruit extracts to the unappetizing chicle chewing gum.

Double Bubble

1928 - 02/13/2013

An employee of the Frank H. Fleer Company, Walter Diemer invented the successful pink colored Double Bubble bubble gum.The very first bubble gum was invented by Frank Henry Fleer in 1906 and called Bilbber Blabber. Diemer simply perfected the old recipe. Cheerleaders and Little Leaguers rejoice.

Trident

2001 - 02/13/2013

Trident White hits store shelves with patented ingredients to whiten and remineralize teeth. Imitations soon follow the original product.

Stuck?

2007 - Present

UK scientists develop nonstick gum. Clean sidewalks at last. Of course, this means no more tucking a piece behind your ear while getting some action.