History of Major Religions

Main

Indus Valley Civilization

2800 B.C - 2000 B.C

Origin of Judaism

2,085 B.C

Judaism is an abrahamic belief based on the teachings of Moses. The holy book of Judaism is the Torah. It is the oldest religion of the group and starts around 4,000 years ago. A main figure from Judaism is Moses who freed the Israelites from bondage. One particular scene from Judaism is Moses with the Ten Commandments. It shows a older long bearded and long haired standing upon a big jagged grey rock. He is holding 2 stone tablets with older Roman numeral on it carved deeply in the tablet.

Jewish, Christianity and Muslim religion all have a similar doctrine. They all are monotheistic and worship the same God. The difference between Jewish and Christianity is that Jewish people do not believe that Jesus Christ is the Messiah and are still waiting for the coming of the savior. The difference between Christianity and Muslim is that the Muslim religion believe that Muhammad is the last and final prophet.

Jews and Muslims don't have the best history. During the holocaust, which was a brutal attack on Jewish people led by Adolfo Hitler, most Jewish people were forced out of their homes. They were in the cold with no where to go because their house was in unlivable conditions or the house itself was reduced to crumbles or ash or there were anti-Semitic rallies going on. Seeing this the British gave them a part of Israel that they were colonizing. A part that Muslims were already lived in. They pushed the Muslims to a small part of Israel called the West Bank. They're still not on the best terms

*Origin of Hinduism

1,500 B.C

Hinduism is the religion of the majority of people in India and Nepal.Unlike most other religions, Hinduism has no single founder, no single scripture, and no commonly agreed set of teachings. Dharma is an important term in Indian religions. In Hinduism it means duty, virtue, morality, even religion and it refers to the power which upholds the universe and society. In Hindu history the highest class, the Brahmins, adhered to this varnashrama-dharma doctrine. The class system is a model or ideal of social order that first occurs in the oldest Hindu text, the Rig Veda and the present-day caste. Hinduism originated around the Indus Valley near the River Indus in modern day Pakistan. About 80% of the Indian population regard themselves as Hindu, also, most Hindus believe in a Supreme God, whose qualities and forms are represented by the multitude of deities which emanate from him.
Hindus believe that existence is a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, governed by Karma.
Hindus believe that the soul passes through a cycle of successive lives and its next incarnation is always dependent on how the previous life was lived. In some ways Hinduism is the oldest living religion in the world, or at least elements within it stretch back many thousands of years. Yet Hinduism resists easy definition partly because of the vast array of practices and beliefs found within it. It is also closely associated conceptually and historically with the other Indian religions Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism. Unlike most other religions, Hinduism has no single founder, no single scripture, and no commonly agreed set of teachings. Throughout its extensive history, there have been many key figures teaching different philosophies and writing numerous holy books. For these reasons, writers often refer to Hinduism as 'a way of life' or 'a family of religions' rather than a single religion.

Origin of Confucianism

600 B.C

Confucianism is an archaic, Chinese philosophical tradition that originated from the revolutionary philosopher, Confucius. This out breaking axiom derived from Ancient China during a period of corruption between powerful, dominant rulers & the submissive, feeble lower-class men. With intentions of prosperity, Confucianism was able to strongly subdue the exploitation that occurred between the animosity of the classes in China.

Ancient China was in a prosperous era in which their army of fearless, supreme Zhou rulers kindle the colossal expansion of valued land of other inferior empires. They were also able to establish a beneficial system that granted infertile nobles to obtain partial land in exchange for their much needed service in war; they acquiesced even for what was soon to come. Eventually, the rulers took advantage of their power and the article "Mastering the TEKS in World History"' Chinese philosopher Confucius began to put order in China's political and social life as a response to the turmoil.

Confucius theorized that of each citizen performs their divine duties, this would be the key to harmony. The respect of superiors and inferiors were critical to the strive for peace within a civilization. Similar to Buddhism, Confucianism promotes the importance of interrelationships between one to another is paramount to achieve blissful harmony.

In summation, Confucianism's impact on China was what salvage China from further abuse between the supreme leader and the regulated, subordinate citizens that had to accept the ruler's malfeasance.

Destruction of the First Temple (Judaism)

586 B.C

*Origin of Buddhism

560 B.C

Buddhism is a very interesting major religion with a very big set complex of distinguished beliefs. One of them being The Four Noble Truths, which is basically: suffering exist; it has a cause; it has an end; and it has a cause to bring about this end which means, suffering is real, There's a reason for it and it can be ended with good karma, which brings me to Karma. There's another belief which would be called Karma. Karma is basically good or bad actions that someone makes during their lifetime. Good actions bring about happiness in the long run, while bad actions bring about unhappiness in the long run. Hinduism is also a believer in karma, but that's not all that Hindus and Buddhist have in common, Hindus also believe in The Cycle Of Rebirth just like Buddhist. The Cycle Of Rebirth is basically 6 planes into which a person or an animal can be reborn into; three fortunate realms; and three unfortunate realms, and this is also where Karma plays in because those with good karma are born into 1 of the 3 fortunate realms. The realms of the Demi Gods, the realms of Gods, and the realm of Men are the three fortunate realms. While the unfortunate realms are animal, ghost and hell, who are left to suffer untold suffering. Another thing that really interested me about Buddhist is that they don't have "just one" holy book like how Christianity has the Bible, Buddhist have multiple holy books. Buddhist are also 90% Korean and I also figured out that Buddhist used to study text, now they just practice meditation just like their Buddha did. As you can tell, Buddhism is a very interesting religion with lots of facts and history behind it, its a very loving and relaxing religion and I would definitely join it.

Life of Confucius (Confucianism)

551 B.C - 479 B.C

Construction of Second Temple (Judaism)

550 B.C.

Life of Siddhartha Gautama (Buddhism)

480 B.C - 405 B.C

Fall of Rome (Christianity)

476 B.C.

Buddhism Arrives in South East Asia (Buddhism)

300 B.C.E

Life of Jesus Christ (Christianity)

4 A.D - 30 A.D

Christianity is a religion based on the teaching of Jesus Christ. The religion was started 2,000 years ago, when Jesus Christ was born. The religious doctrine for this religion is "The Bible." This religion is based off of the fact that we all sin but can be saved through believing that Jesus Christ died for our sons and rose again. This process is called salvation. One particular scene from Christianity is the scene of the cross where it features an old, rickety wooden cross with a man bleeding profusely and with a crown of thorns around his head. It also shows the man with black iron pegs.

Christianity has some similarities to other religions. Like Islam and Judaism it is monotheistic and their doctrines share the similar qualities. Unlike Christianity, Islam religion recognizes Muhammad as the last prophet and Judaism only uses the Torah which are the first 5 books of the bible and believes that Jesus was not the messiah and they are still waiting for the messiah.

Christianity has had a big impact on the world. A very important impact was the Crusades caused trade and exploration. The crusades were a group of soldiers organized by The Pope to take back the holy land of Jerusalem. They tried many times to take back the holy land but were unsuccessful. It was also the start of the fight between Muslims and Christians. Now some Christians blame all Muslims for terrorist attacks which isn't true. It's kind of funny how these two religions can be so similar and have such animosity for each other. Christianity is a very important religion that has impacted our world in more ways than 1.

Origin of Christianity

30 A.D

Christianity is the belief in the bible and the new testament, From the research I did I learned that christianity is a monotheistic religion and that christians has many beliefs like the trinity, and that Jesus is the son of god. If christianity wouldn't exist people would be part of other religions, but nowadays christianity is one of the biggest religion in the world. In the ancient times in rome christianity was a big deal because all christians believed in only one god and refused to worship the roman gods so they had to meet in secret and if they were caught they were killed. Romans and Christians had different beliefs for example christianity promised life after death in heaven and in Roman religion only gods went to heaven, another belief that christians had was equal opportunity.

Destruction of Second Temple (Judaism)

70 C.E.

Life of Muhammad (Islam)

570 C.E - 632 C.E

Origin of Islam

610

Islam is a monotheistic and abrahamic religion, they believe that Muhammad was the last prophet of god.Muslims has many beliefs for example they believe that god is one and incomparable and that the purpose of existence is to love and serve god, from the workshop I went I learned many thing about religions and one of those religions was Islam. Islam is important because is one of the major religions in the world, it has about 1.57 billion followers in the world that makes muslim the second most largest religion in the world. Islam has different beliefs for example they believe that allah is the personal name of god, and they neither worship Muhammad nor pray through him because they only worship allah the creator and omniscient.

Muslims Expand their Empire Around Mediterranean (Islam)

633 - 642

Fertile Crescent consisting of Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Mesopotamia, North African coast, parts of Persian and Byzantine Empires

Mahmud of Ghazni's Genocide

1000 A.D - 1525 A.D

Mahmud of Ghazni's genocide against idolaters which killed about two-million Hindus

Reign of the Catholic Church (Christianity)

1000 - 1550

Crusades to Take Back Jerusalem from Seljuik Turks (Christianity)

1095 - 1300

First Occurances of "Bar Mitzvahs " (Judaism)

1400

Birth of Guru Guru Nanak

1469

Colonization of South Asia Began (Hinduism)

1498

Origin of Sikhism

1499

Known for being a progressive, innovative religion, Sikhism is a monotheistic religion derived from a selection of traditions of both Buddhism & Hinduism. Founded by an inquisitive guru named “Guru Navak Dev Ji”. He proposes the construction of the religion in1499 A.D. Sikhism is mocked after Buddhism’s & Hinduism’s belief in reincarnation & karma, Similar to Hinduism, they recognize only one true God and equality among all.

Sikhism originated in Northwest India based on Adrian Hernandez workshop. The advancing 500-year-old religion adopted the belief that there is only 1 superior God. In order to have pure fulfillment in life & the after life, you must believe in Him and obey his commands found in their Holy Book “Guru Granth Sahib”. Those that taught the scriptures of their Holy Book were titled as “gurus” instead of “prophets”.

Sikhist follow the 5 K’s which are principles that they believe will result in betterment for those of the religion and those around them. Similar to the 5 Pillars in the Judaism belief, they both are 5 main guidelines that are to be followed. The 5 K’s consist of never cutting one’s hair, always wear shorts and a silver bracelet, use a symbolic, wooden comb as well as carrying a deadly, curved blade that should only be used on certain, extreme circumstances.

A synopsis of a outbreaking Sikhism religion is that it’s a combination of Buddhist and Hindu beliefs and traditions but with the belief if only one God similar to the God of Judaism & Islam beliefs.

Martin Luther publicizes "95 Thesis" (Christianity)

1517

Confucius Teaching's were More Focused Upon (Confucianism)

1530

British Conquered Most of Africa (Christianity)

1875 A.D - 1900 A.D

Chinese Republic Founded (Confucianism)

1912

Starting of the Holocaust (Judaism)

1938 - 1945

Assassination of Gandhi (Hinduism)

1948

Terrorist Attacks on Twin Towers (Islam)

September 11, 2001