Modern China

Main

Start of New Culture Movement

1911

Revolution of 1911

October 1911

Revolution of 1913

1913

21 Demands from Japan

1915

In 1915, the Japanese government insisted that Yuan Shikai accept a series of 21 demands that would have given Japan a virtual protectorate over the Chinese government and economy. Yuan was able to fend this off.

Yuan Shikai Dies and Semi-Anarchy Begins (Warlords seized Power in Provinces)

1916

Paris Peace Conference

1919

Japan received Germany's sphere of influence in the Shandong Province as a reward for its support of Allied cause in WWI. On hearing that, the Chinese government accepted the decision.

May 4th Movement

May 4, 1919

Patriotic students, supported by other sectors of the urban population, demonstrated in Beijing and other major cities of the country. Although this May 4th Movement did not lead to the restoration of Shandong, it did alert a substantial part of the politically literate population to the threat to national survival and the incompetence of the warlord government.

Central government ceases to exist; emergence of Parties

1920

CCP Established

1921

Consequence of a failed revolution of 1921

Communist/Nationalist Alliance

1923

Two parties form an alliance to oppose the warlords and drive the imperialist powers out of China.

Sun-Yatsen Dies and Chiang-Kai Shek is leader of Nationalist Party

1925

Northern Expedition

1926 - April 1927

Chiang Kai-Shek turns against Communist

April 1927

Nanjing Republic Established By Chaing Kai-Shek

1928

Chiang Kai-Shek attempts to end Communists

1931
  • pushes them to Mao's base in southern China

New Life Movement Begins

February 1934

Long March

October 1934

5 Year Plan Implemented

1953

Great Leap Forward

1958 - 1960

Revolutionary unit called Red Guards is created

1966

Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution

1966 - 1976

Mao Dies

1976

Deng Xiaoping Comes into Power

1978

Democracy Wall

1978

Start of Four Modernizations

1978

Tiananmen Square movement (whole thing)

15 April 1989 - 4 June 1989

Students go around holding signs "Science and Democracy"

May 1989

Tianamen square massacre

June 4 1989