The main purpose was to prohibit discrimination on the basis of disability in programs conducted by federal agencies, in programs receiving federal financial assistance, in federal employment and in the employment practices of federal contractors.
Education for All Handicapped Children Act
Enacted to support states and localities in protecting the rights of, meeting the individual needs of, and improving the results for infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities and their families
Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA)
The ADA is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
The legislation that was originally known as Education for all Handicapped Children Act was ammended and turned into IDEA to ensure that all children with documented disabilities could receive special education and related services.
Enacted significant protocol changes for parentally-placed private school students with disabilities.
No Child Left Behind
Required states to develop assessments in basic skills and in order to receive federal school funding, states had to give these assessments to all students at select grade levels.
IDEA amended to include the least restrictive placement policies in order to accommodate children with disabilities while keeping them in the general education population as much as possible.
Nationwide test standards were implemented.
Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)
The law replaced its predecessor, the No Child Left Behind Act, and modified but did not eliminate provisions relating to the periodic standardized tests given to students.
Future Education Trends
I think that we will see an increase in funding for programs that focus on early childhood intervention starting (around age 2-3 instead of pre k and kindergarten age 4-5) and implementation of IEP's at an earlier age in the hopes that the sooner that children begin to receive the services that they need, the more successful they will be.