Russian Revolution Timeline


Writing and Publishing of the Communist Manefesto

February 21, 1848

Manifesto of the Communist Party, is a manufest written by the political theorists Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

Bloody Sunday

January 22, 1905

Civilians were massacred at the Palace in St. Petersburg Russia when they were protesting the Czar.

Russia enters the Great War

July 15, 1914 - March 3, 1918

Russia entered world war one with the largest army in the world, standing at 1,400,000 soldiers.

March Revolution

February 23, 1917 - February 27, 1917

Dismantled the Tsarists Autocracy and replace it with a Provisional Government.

Provisional Government is Established

March 2, 1917

When the Tsarist's brother Mikhail wouldn't accept the throne and take over the position of Nicholas II.

Bolshevik Revolution of November

October 25, 1917 - October 26, 1917

The Bolsheviks reek havoc in Petrograd (St. Petersberg) and the Council of People's Commissars has taken over the government. The Winter Palace is also captured.

Lenin Assumes Position of Leader

October 26, 1917 - December 22, 1922
With Lenin leading the Council of People's Commissars he heads the takeover of the Provisional Government.

Treaty of Brest - Litovsk

March 3, 1918

A treaty between Germany and Russia that takes Russia out of the Great War.

Renaming of the Bolshevik Party

March 8,1918

The Bolshevik Party changes it's name to the Communist Party.

Civil War: Reds vs. Whites

June 1918 - November 1920
The October Revolution Produced a civil war between the Bolsheviks that controlled the government and the many rebel armies.

Renaming of Russia

December 30, 1922

Russia is renamed the Union of Soviet Socialistic Republics.

Lenin's Death

January 21, 1924
Lenin passes away after suffering from a series of strokes. His body was embalmed and put on display where it remains today.

Stalin's Reign

1927 - March 5, 1953

Stalin takes control of the USSR after Lenin passes away. He establishes a totalitarian society and makes his supreme rule widely known throughout the world. His people respect him deeply under paranoia that his secret police may pursue them.

Institution of the First Five Year Plan


Stalin introduced what is known as the first 5-Year Plan as a radical attempt to bring the Soviet Union into the industrial age.

Exiling of Trotsky

January 1928

In order to emerge as the head of the Soviet Socialist Party Stalin eliminated all rivals which threatened his position, those rivals included Leon Trotsky.


December 1929 - 1940
Under Stalin's first 5-Year Plan collectivization was put into action to change agriculture and break the power of the peasants, causing a famine that killed millions.

The Great Purge

October 1936

Under Stalin's fear of being overpowered or losing power he sent his secret police after many government officials or people occupying powerful positions in both the military and the government and had them tortured and forced to confess to untrue crimes for which they were sentenced to death.


Karl Marx

May 5, 1818 - March 14, 1883

German philosopher and revolutionary socialist Karl Marx published The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital, anticapitalist works that form the basis of Marxism. He was a major influence on Lenin, Stalin, and Trotsky.

Czar Nicholas II

May 18, 1868 - July 17, 1918

Nicholas II was the last tsar of Russia under Romanov rule. His poor handling of Bloody Sunday and Russia’s role in World War I led to his abdication and execution.

Vladimir Lenin

April 22, 1870 - January 21, 1924

Vladimir Lenin was founder of the Russian Communist Party, leader of the Bolshevik Revolution and first head of the Soviet state.

Joseph Stalin

December 18, 1878 - March 5, 1953

Joseph Stalin ruled the Soviet Union for more than two decades, instituting a reign of terror while modernizing Russia. He assumed control of Russia after the death of Lenin.

Leon Trotsky

November 7, 1879 - August 21, 1940

Leon Trotsky helped begin the Russian Revolution of 1917, and constructed the Red Army afterward. He was exiled by Stalin and later assassinated by his secret police in Mexico.


Winter Palace

1732 - 1917

In July, 1917, the Provisional Government took up residence in the Hermitage Winter Palace, laying the foundation for the October Revolution. The Bolshevik government eventually transferred its capital to Moscow. Since that time, the Winter Palace has served as the renown Hermitage Museum.


1905 - 1919

Means "Council". The word became synonymous with the socialist leaning councils of workers, peasants and soldiers which first developed in Russia during the 1905 ‘revolution’. When the Bolsheviks seized power in October 1917, they did so in the name of the soviets.

The Duma

May 10, 1906 - March 11, 1917

The Duma was an elected semi-representative body in Russia from 1906 to 1917. It was created by the ruling Tsarist regime in 1905, when the government was desperate to divide opposition during an uprising.


1916 - 1980

Information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help Stalin establish his rule and power over the people of Russia.

The Gulag

1930 - 1950

One of many massive labor camps established in Siberia that were run by the USSR and killed approximately 8 million people under the rule of Stalin.

Ukraine Famine

1932 - 1933

Undertaken by Stalin as a means to undermine the nationalistic pride of the Ukrainian people. It served to control and further oppress the Ukrainian people by denying them the basic vital essentials they needed to survive.