Spanish adventurer Pedro De Alvarado defeats the indigenous Maya making Guatemala a Spanish colony
also include Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua.
He modernises the country, develops the army and introduces coffee growing
36 year civil war More than 200,000 were killed, or disappeared.
27,000 people are killed and more than a million had their homes destroyed
Around 11,000 people are killed by death squads and soldiers in response to growing anti-government guerrilla activity.
Guatemala and Belize agree on draft settlement to their long-standing border dispute at talks brokered by Organization of American States (OAS).
Guatemala - along with Nicaragua, El Salvador and Honduras - agrees on free-trade agreement with US.