Guatemala History

Main

1523-1524 Guatemala turns into a Spanish colony.

1523 - 1524

Spanish adventurer Pedro De Alvarado defeats the indigenous Maya making Guatemala a Spanish colony

1821 Guatemala becomes part of Mexico

1821

1821 Guatemala becomes independent from Spain

1821

1823 Guatemala becomes free from Mexico

1823

1823 Guatemala becomes part of the United Provinces of Central America,

1823

also include Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua.

1839 Guatemala becomes fully independent.

1839

1873-1885 Guatemala ruled by liberal President Justo Rufino Barrios

1873 - 1885

He modernises the country, develops the army and introduces coffee growing

1945 constitution was adopted

1945

1960-1996 Guatemala Civil War

1960 - 1996

36 year civil war More than 200,000 were killed, or disappeared.
http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT73Y8FR2KUZfQfknuLIqZq59AMvplo1nke0fWFUiNQWjcpKwSO

1976 Massive earthquake strikes Guatemala

1976

27,000 people are killed and more than a million had their homes destroyed
http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSwyeVmyaIgQVomPppkmcwuU5Cm_qSCGvvx7rk6gIgKvY_xUI7n

1981 Attack due to growing anti-government guerrilla activity.

1981

Around 11,000 people are killed by death squads and soldiers in response to growing anti-government guerrilla activity.

2002 Guatemala and Belize agree on border

2002

Guatemala and Belize agree on draft settlement to their long-standing border dispute at talks brokered by Organization of American States (OAS).

2003 Guatemala agrees on free trade agreement with US

2003

Guatemala - along with Nicaragua, El Salvador and Honduras - agrees on free-trade agreement with US.