Chapter 27

Main

Samoa crisis with Germany

1889

The Samoa crisis was a tense confrontation over the Samoan Islands between Germany and the U.S. Great Britain eventually intervened in order to woo American favor.

Pan-American Conference

1889

New Orleans crisis with Italy

1891

A group of Italian Americans on trial for a shooting were acquitted. However, a mob stormed the jail and lynched the accused and a number of other Italian-Americans.

Valparaiso crisis with Chile

1892

The Baltimore crisis was a diplomatic incident that took place as result of the growing American influence in Pacific Coast region of Latin America. It was triggered by the stabbing of two United States Navy sailors from the USS Baltimore in front of the "True Blue Saloon" in Valparaíso.

White planter revolt in Hawaii

1893

Cleveland refuses Hawaii annexation

1893

Venezuelan boundary crisis with Brtain

1895 - 1896

Cubans revolt against Spain

1895

Spanish-American War

1898

Dewey's victory at Manila Bay

1898

Hawaii annexed

1898

USS Maine explosion in Havana harbor

1898

Teller Amendment

1898

The Teller Amendment was an amendment to a joint resolution of the United States Congress in reply to President William McKinley's War Message. According to the clause, the U.S. could not annex Cuba but only leave "control of the island to its people."

Senate ratifies treaty acquiring the Philippines

1899

Hawaii receives full territorial status

1900

Foraker Act for Puerto Rico

1900

The Foraker Act, officially known as the Organic Act of 1900, is a United States federal law that established civilian (albeit limited popular) government on the island of Puerto Rico,

Supreme Court Insular Cases

1901

The cases could be summarized by the phrase, "Does the Constitution follow the flag?" Essentially, the Supreme Court said that full constitutional rights did not automatically extend to all areas under American control. The "deepest ramification" of the Insular Cases is that inhabitants of unincorporated territories such as Puerto Rico, "even if they are U.S. citizens", may have no constitutional rights, such as to remain part of the United States if the United States chooses to engage in deannexation.

Platt Amendment

1901

The Platt Amendment of 1901 was an amendment to a joint resolution of the United States Congress, replacing the earlier Teller Amendment. It stipulated the conditions for the withdrawal of United States troops remaining in Cuba at the end of the Spanish-American War and defined the terms of Cuban-U.S. relations until the 1934 Treaty of Relations. The Amendment ensured U.S. involvement in Cuban affairs and gave legal standing (in U.S. law) to U.S. claims to certain territories on the island including Guantanamo Bay Naval Base.

U.S. troops leave Cuba

1902