Chapter 26 Timeline

Chapter 26

Pike's Peak gold rush

1858

The Pike's Peak Gold Rush was the boom in gold prospecting and mining in the Pike's Peak Country of western Kansas Territory and southwestern Nebraska Territory. The participants in the gold rush were known as "Fifty-Niners" after 1859, the peak year of the rush and often used the motto Pike's Peak or Bust!

Nevada Comstock Lode discovered

1859

The Comstock Lode was the first major U.S. discovery of silver ore, located under what is now Virginia City, Nevada, on the eastern slope of Mount Davidson, a peak in the Virginia Range.

Homestead Act

1862

The Homestead Acts were several United States federal laws that gave an applicant ownership of land at little or no cost. This originally consisted of grants totaling 160 acres of unappropriated federal land within the boundaries of the public land states.

Nevada admitted into the Union

1864

National Grange organized

1867

The Grange is a fraternal organization in the United States which encourages families to band together to promote the economic and political well-being of the community and agriculture.

Colorado admitted into the union

1876

Battle of Little Bighorn

1876

The Battle of the Little Bighorn was an armed engagement between the Northern Cheyenne against the United States Army. The U.S. Seventh Cavalry, including the Custer Battalion, a force of 700 men led by George Armstrong Custer, suffered a severe defeat.

Helen hunt Jackson publishes "A Century of Dishonor"

1881

With the publication of this book the public became increasingly sympathetic to the plight of Indians.

Federal government outlaws Indian Sun Dance

1884

The Sun Dance is a religious ceremony practiced by a number of Native Americans.

Local Chapters of Farmers' Alliance formed

1885 - 1889

The Farmers' Alliance was an organized agrarian economic movement among American farmers. The Alliance generally supported the government regulation of the transportation industry, establishment of an income tax to better speculative profits, and the adoption of an inflationary relaxation of the nation's money supply as a means of easing the burden of repayment of loans by debtors.

Dawes Severalty Act

1887

The Dawes Act authorized the President of the United States to survey Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians.

Oklahoma opened to settlement

1889

North & South Dakota, Montana, Washington, Idaho, and Wyoming admitted as States

1889 - 1890

Census Bureau declares frontier line ended

1890

Battle of Wounded Knee

1890

Emergence of People's Party (Populists)

1890

The People's Party was based among poor, white cotton farmers in the South and hard-pressed wheat farmers in the plains states, it represented a radical crusading form of agrarianism and hostility to banks, railroads, and elites generally.

"The Significance of the Frontier in American History" is Published

1893

"Coxey's Army" marches on Washington

1894

Pullman strike

1894

McKinley defeats Bryan for presidency

1896

Utah admitted to the Union

1896

Dingley Tariff Act

1897

Bill raised tariffs after McKinley's election

Gold Standard Act

1900

The Gold Standard Act established gold as the only standard for redeeming paper money, stopping bimetallism.