Paris: the Eiffel tower is introduced. American national pride pushes Americans to "out-Eiffel Eiffel" after a humiliating out turn in Paris.
Chicago joins New York, Washington D.C., and St. Louis in the race to host the World Fair.
Chicago beats out New York, St. Louis, and Washington D.C. for the location of the World Fair.
This formal corporation was established to finance and build the fair. Although not official, it was clear that David Burnham and John Root would be the lead designers.
There is a stalemate in choosing the location in Chicago to host the World Fair. Frederick Olmsted is asked by a director of the fair board, James Ellsworth, to design the fair's landscape.
Burnham and Root develop a plan for the fair's layout, drawn out on a large piece of brown paper, hence the name, Brown Paper plan. They also get five other architects to join the exposition effort: George B. Post, Charles McKim, Richard M. Hunt, Robert Peabody, and Henry Van Brunt (none from Chicago).
The Board of Architects is created with the five architects invited by Root and Burnham.
John Root is falls ill and is diagnosed with pneumonia.
Burnham is visiting Root and leaves the room to speak with Root's wife. During this, Root dies, only a few days after becoming ill.
A bank fails in Kansas City on the 20th, and Lyman Gage steps down from his position as president of the fair to care for his own bank.
Herman Webster Mudgett moves to Chicago, taking the name, H.H. Holmes.
Holmes marries Myrta Belknap despite already having a wife, Clara Lovering.
Holmes "recruits" three people to help him with his work: Charles Chappell, a machinist; Patrick Quinlan, his building caretaker; and Benjamin Pietzel, a carpenter.
Holmes hopes to turn his building into a hotel for visitors to the World Fair as well as a "castle" in which he could dispose of bodies.