World History

Foundations/ Classical Era

800 BCE- 600 CE

Life of Buddha; Confucius; Lao Tzu; Han Fei

600 BCE - 500 BCE

Buddha: Buddhism
Confucius: Confucianism
Lao Tzu: Daoism
Han Fei: Legalsim

Classical Greece; Socrates; Plato; Aristotle; Pericles

500 BCE - 400 BCE

Philosophers

Alexander the Great Spreads Greek culture throughout Persia & Middle East

323 BCE

Unification of China with centralized government

221 BCE

Shi Huangdi
Qin Dynasty

Beginning of Christianity

32 CE

End of Pax Romana

180 CE

200 years of Roman Peace ends

Collapse of Han Dynasty

220 CE

Domestication of the camel

300 CE - 400 CE

Trans Sahara, Trans Arabia
AfroEurAsia (all known world) connected

Creation of New Rome; Building of Constantinople and Byzantium

333 CE

Collapse of Rome and Beginning of Middle Ages

476 CE

Peak of Byzantine Empire

527

Reign of Justinian

Post Classical Times

600-1450 CE

Beginning of Islam

632

Battle of Tours

732

Great Schism

1054

Split of Christianity
Orthodox; Catholicsim

Battle of Hastings; William the Conquerer centralizes England

1066

First Crusade

1095

1st time Islam was kept out of Europe from the East;
Christians came in contact with more sophisticated Arabs

Mongols destroy Baghdad ending Abbasid Calliphate

1258

Travels of Marco Polo; Kublai Khan's Court

1271 - 1295

Kublai Khan's court: Yuan Dynasty

Mansa Musa's pilgrimage (Hajj)

1324

makes Timbuktu, Mali an intellectual center

Travels of Ibn Battuta

1325 - 1349

Bubonic Plague

1347

1/3 of people die

Jung Ho leads maritime exploration for China

1405

7 trips

End of Expeditions of Exploration in China; China closes its borders

1433

Collapse of Byzantine and Great Zimbabwe; Guttenberg invents printing press

1450

c.1450

Age of Exploration

1450-1750 CE

Ottoman Turks conquer Constantinople

1453

Rename it Istanbul; Beginning of Ottoman Empire

Bartholomew Dias rounds the tip of Africa

1488

beginning of European maritime exploration

Columbus sailed the ocean

1492

Portuguese brings the first group of slaves to the Americas

1502

Protestant Reformation

1517

Martin Luther

Cortes conquers the Aztecs

1521

Pizarro conquers the Inca

1533

The Incas were already weakened by Smallpox

Battle of Lepanto

1571

Keeps the Ottomans out of the Atlantic Ocean
2nd time Islam is kept out of Europe

English defeat spanish Armada; Rise of British; Demise of Spanish

1588

Rise of Queen Elizabeth I

Tokugawa Shogunate; Unification of Japan and 250 yrs of isolation

1600

c.1600

Jamestown

1607

30 Years War in Holy Roman Empire

1618 - 1648

ends with the Treaty of Westphalia

Ottoman Turks lay siege on Vienna twice and fail

1683

3rd time Islam is stopped from entering Europe

Glorious Revolution

1689

English Bill of Rights & Constitutional Monarchy
makes England different than every other country at the time