Started by an organized meeting at the Teacher’s College at Columbia University set up to discuss ways teachers could brainstorm and work together.
A council set up in Ohio to help children who were not allowed to go to public school
“A constitution was drawn up with the broad purposes to promote the welfare of mentally retarded persons of all ages and to prevent mental retardation” Segal, Robert Phd. (2013). The National Association for Retarded Citizens. Retreived from http://www.thearc.org/page.aspx?pid=2342.
Found that segregation of schools was unlawful. Opened the doorway for other civil rights groups to demand fair and equal public education.
26 member panel appointed by President John F. Kennedy paved the way for federal funding for the research of mental retardation and new legislation involving mental retardation.
"The first major legislation to combat mental illness and retardation. The amendment incorporated many of the panel's recommendations and provided planning grants to enable states to update their intellectual disabilities programs. It also increased funding for prevention through maternity and infant care"JFK and People with Intellectual Disabilities. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum Retrieved on Feb 7, 2010 from http://www.jfklibrary.org/JFK/JFK-in-History/JFK-and-People-with-Intellectual-Disabilities.aspx
President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the first federal grant program specifically for youth with disabilities
Early intervention is added.
Was the first education lawsuit establishing the right for public education for mental retarded students which helped paved the way for the Mills v. Board of Education.
Landmark case that declared schools could not turn away students using the excuse of lack of funds and resources.
Provides for equal access to public facilities and protects individuals from discrimination due to their disability.
“Requires that vocational education be provided for students with disabilities” (NASET, 2007)
Parents sought to add additional services to their child’s IEP and the Federal Court decided the school was providing a meaningful education and no additional services were needed.
The law states that individuals who are members of special populations (including individuals with disabilities) must be provided with equal access to recruitment, enrollment, and placement activities in vocational education” (NASET, 2007)
Supreme Court ruled that the school must provide the medical service (catheter) so that the child could receive free and appropriate education.
Supreme Court ruled that reimbursement to attend private school was legal if the public school was not providing free and appropriate education.
Found that students with disabilities could not be excluded from school due to behavioral issues.
“This law provides funding to develop statewide, consumer-responsive information and training programs designed to meet the assistive technology (AT) needs of individuals with disabilities of all ages” (NASET, 2007).
“Broadened Section 504 to include public accommodations, employment and transportation and telecommunications" (facebooker_1206134997).
“Added autism and TBI (facebooker_1206134997).
Added developmentally delayed to the definition of disabled and required parents to work with LEA's to settle disagreements.
Set up procedures and standards for schools to close achievement gaps focusing on students who are disadvantaged such as special needs students. Assessments are done using state testing.
Provides federal funding to Title 1 schools to purchase resouce items such as library resources without the approval of government officials.
Aligns with NCLB.