Council for Education of Exceptional Children is founded
July 1, 1922
Started by an organized meeting at the Teacher’s College at Columbia University set up to discuss ways teachers could brainstorm and work together.
Cuyahoga council for Retarded Children founded
July 8, 1933
A council set up in Ohio to help children who were not allowed to go to public school
National Association for Retarded Citizens (The Arc) is founded
May 8, 1950
“A constitution was drawn up with the broad purposes to promote the welfare of mentally retarded persons of all ages and to prevent mental retardation” Segal, Robert Phd. (2013). The National Association for Retarded Citizens. Retreived from http://www.thearc.org/page.aspx?pid=2342.
Brown v. the Board of Education
May 17, 1954
Found that segregation of schools was unlawful. Opened the doorway for other civil rights groups to demand fair and equal public education.
Panel on Mental retardation
July 8, 1961
26 member panel appointed by President John F. Kennedy paved the way for federal funding for the research of mental retardation and new legislation involving mental retardation.
Maternal and Child Health and Mental Retardation Planning Amendment
October 24, 1963
"The first major legislation to combat mental illness and retardation. The amendment incorporated many of the panel's recommendations and provided planning grants to enable states to update their intellectual disabilities programs. It also increased funding for prevention through maternity and infant care"JFK and People with Intellectual Disabilities. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum Retrieved on Feb 7, 2010 from http://www.jfklibrary.org/JFK/JFK-in-History/JFK-and-People-with-Intellectual-Disabilities.aspx
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965-
April 11, 1965
President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the first federal grant program specifically for youth with disabilities
Aug 5, 1968
Early intervention is added.
PARC v. the Commonwealth of PA
July 8, 1972
Was the first education lawsuit establishing the right for public education for mental retarded students which helped paved the way for the Mills v. Board of Education.
Mills v. Board of Education
July 8, 1972
Landmark case that declared schools could not turn away students using the excuse of lack of funds and resources.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act
Aug 5, 1973
Provides for equal access to public facilities and protects individuals from discrimination due to their disability.
The Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975
July 8, 1975
“Requires that vocational education be provided for students with disabilities” (NASET, 2007)
Hendrick Hudson Central School District Board of Education v. Rowley
July 8, 1982
Parents sought to add additional services to their child’s IEP and the Federal Court decided the school was providing a meaningful education and no additional services were needed.
1984 Vocational Education Act of 1984 (Perkins Act)
The law states that individuals who are members of special populations (including individuals with disabilities) must be provided with equal access to recruitment, enrollment, and placement activities in vocational education” (NASET, 2007)
Irving Independent School District v. Tatro
July 8, 1984
Supreme Court ruled that the school must provide the medical service (catheter) so that the child could receive free and appropriate education.
Burlington School Committee v. Department of Education of Massachusetts
Supreme Court ruled that reimbursement to attend private school was legal if the public school was not providing free and appropriate education.
Hong v. Doe
July 12, 1988
Found that students with disabilities could not be excluded from school due to behavioral issues.
Technology-Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1998
Aug 19, 1988
“This law provides funding to develop statewide, consumer-responsive information and training programs designed to meet the assistive technology (AT) needs of individuals with disabilities of all ages” (NASET, 2007).
Aug 5, 1990
“Broadened Section 504 to include public accommodations, employment and transportation and telecommunications" (facebooker_1206134997).
Aug 5, 1990
“Added autism and TBI (facebooker_1206134997).
Added developmentally delayed to the definition of disabled and required parents to work with LEA's to settle disagreements.
No Child Left Behind
July 8, 2001
Set up procedures and standards for schools to close achievement gaps focusing on students who are disadvantaged such as special needs students. Assessments are done using state testing.
Provides federal funding to Title 1 schools to purchase resouce items such as library resources without the approval of government officials.