American Literature B 1840-1900


Civil War

1861 - 1864

15th Amendment Ratified


Jim Crow Laws Enacted


Civil War In Rabun County

Men In Rabun County

1861 - 1864

Civil war. Major loss for this area. A whole generation lost along with all its money and prosperity. All railroad production stopped. No money was left. 300 men were subject to military duty. 211 were married. (Ritchie 274).

Losses in Rabun County

1864 - 1869

One-third died from wounds, disease and injuries. (Ritchie 278).

There was no progress until 1869 afterward

Rabun County Railroads

Railroad Plans

1840 - 1860

Rabun county gained a lot of interest as a railroad hub possibly. So a lot of entrepreneurs took interest in this area. Including the prosperous and well known Clayton Citizen, Thomas (Red) Kelly." (Ritchie 281) Some of Red Kelly's wealth listed in this "Will.

Calhoon was also pushing for a railroad here in the 40s. Until he died in 1850, Calhoun often wanted a link into the mountains, he said it would connect the two worlds. (Ritchie 271).

Black Diamond Railroad

1869 - 1870

$5m Was donated to get the Blue Ridge Railroad going. Failed because people were working the the Black Diamond Railroad.

Slavory In Rabun County


1862 - 1863

"There were only about 60 families in Rabun County that owned slaves in 1862 when the Civil War was well under way." (Ritchie 278.)
Total number of slaves was 248.
Ritchie says they were treated well like "a good horse."

Slavery in Literature

1880 - 1890

Slavery in literature became less racist and derogatory. It moved towards a more understanding stance. John Spencer Bassett was a southern journalist who called Booker T. Washington "the greatest man, save General Lee, born in the South in a hundred years."