The autobiography UP FROM SLAVERY was written by Washington. Washington was born into slavery on April 5, 1856. His mother's name was Jane and his father was a white man. At the age of 9 Washington was a free man. Washington was the first principal of Tuskegee University. He was the first African American to be shown on a U.S postal stamp in 1940. William L. Andrews, ed. Booker T. Washington: Up From Slavery (New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1996); Louis R. Harlan, The Booker T. Washington Papers: The Making of a Black Leader New, 1856-1901 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1972).