American Literature B 1881-1890

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Literature 1881-1890

A CENTURY OF DISHONOR-Helen Hunt Jackson

1881

Wikipedia : Jackson wrote A CENTURY OF DISHONOR in an attempt to change government ideas/policy toward Native Americans at a time when effects of the 1871 Indian Appropriations Act (making the entire Native American population wards of the nation) had begun to draw the attention of the public.Jackson sent a copy of her book to every member of Congress, at her own expense. She hoped to awaken the conscience of the American people, and their representatives, to the flagrant wrongs that had been done to the American Indians, and persuade them "to redeem the name of the United States from the stain of A CENTURY OF DISHONOR".

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Century_of_Dishonor

UNCLE REMUS - Joel Chandler Harris

1883

UNCLE REMUS, HIS SONGS AND HIS SAYING includes thirty-four folktales narrated by Uncle Remus, an elderly man living in a cabin on Sally and John Huntington's plantation. His listener is their seven year-old son John, who returns nightly to Uncle Remus's side to hear about the fates of Brer Rabbit, Brer Fox, Brer Wolf, Brer Tarrypin, and fellow animals as they enter into contests, pull pranks, and do their best to outwit each other at every encounter. The tales champion the weaker animals over the stronger ones, and range from playful trickery to violence, abuse, and destruction.

http://docsouth.unc.edu/southlit/harris/summary.html

LIFE ON THE MISSISSIPPI- Mark Twain

1883

LIFE ON THE MISSISSIPPI is a memoir by Mark Twain of his days as a steamboat pilot on the Mississippi River before the American Civil War, and also a travel book, recounting his trip along the Mississippi from St. Louis to New Orleans many years after the War.

TREASURE ISLAND -Robert Louis Stevenson

May 23, 1883

Robert Louis Stevenson wrote this book as a tale of Buccaneers and Gold. TREASURE ISLAND is an adventure tale known for its atmosphere, characters and action, and also as a wry commentary on the ambiguity of morality.

ADVENTURES OF HUCKLEBERRY FINN- Mark Twain

1884

Mark Twain wrote THE ADVENTURES OF HUCKLEBERRY FINN, a story of two boys, Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer, riding down the Mississippi River along with their other adventures.

THE WINNING OF THE WEST- Theodore Roosevelt

1889

Historic Events

Oriental Telephone Company

January 25, 1881

Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.

Shooting at O.K. Corral

October 26, 1881

The gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona occurs in a livery stable lot between some of the famous characters of the American west; Sheriff Wyatt Earp, his brother Virgil, and Doc Holliday against Billy Claiborne, Frank and Tom McLaury and the Clanton brothers Billy and Ike. Although only thirty seconds long, the battle would live in western lore for more than one hundred years. The McLaury brothers and Billy Clanton would perish in the fight.

http://americasbesthistory.com/abhtimeline1880.html

The Standard Oil Company Starts

January 2, 1882

John D. Rockefeller starts The Standard Oil Company

Final Bare Knuckle Fight- Heavy Weight Championship

February 7, 1882

The final bare knuckle fight for the heavyweight championship is fought in Mississippi City.

Civil Rights Act Overturned

October 15, 1883

On this day the Supreme Court declared that the Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional. The Court declared that the Fourteenth Amendment forbids states, but not citizens, from discriminating.

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aap/timelin2.html

1st Post Season in Baseball

May 1, 1884

This day was the first post season games Between the National League and the American Association.

Grover Cleveland elected as 24th President

November 4, 1884

Dawes Severalty Act

1887

provides for 160 acres to be given to each Indian family, breaking up the system of communal land holdings. By declaring as surplus land not owned by individuals, the law ultimately reduced the amount of land owned by Native Americans.

http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1880.htm

Benjamin Harrison President

1889 - 1893

Benjamin Harrison Elected President over Grover Cleveland. His term would last until 1893. He was the 23th President.

Oklahoma Land rush

April 22, 1889

In the first "Oklahoma land rush," the U. S. government bows to pressure and opens for settlement land that it had previously promised would be a permanent refuge for Native Americans moved from their eastern territories. Native American tribes are paid about $4 million for the parcel of land. The starting gun sounds at noon, and an estimated 50,000 settlers race across the land; by sunset, all 1.92 million acres have been claimed.

http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1880.htm

Rabun Gap

History, Literature, and Culture in and around Rabun Gap.