Sheikh Zayed was born in 1918 and became Ruler of Dubai in 1966. In 1971 he became the first President of the United Arab Emirates which he led until his death in 2004.
British Announce Withdrawal from Gulf`
In 1968 the British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan announced the withdrawal of all British forces East of the Suez Canal. This opened the way to plans for the creation of the United Arab Emirates as a wholly independent and united country. Sheikh Zayed moved quickly to make agreements with all of the other Emirates to join in a federation that ultimately led to the declaration of the United Arab Emirates on 2nd December 1971
Population of 232,000
The estimated population of the UAE in 1970 was 232,000 (page 146 of textbook)
ADNOC is created
Sheikh Zayed orders the establishment of the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company in 1971
The United Arab Emirates is created
2 December 1971
On 2nd December 1971 the United Arab Emirates was declared. We celebrate this day every year as the National Day holiday.
First University is opened - United Arab Emirates University
The first university in the UAE, the United Arab Emirates University is opened in Al Ain in 1977
Jebel Ali port is developed
War between Iran and Iraq
1980 - 1988
The long war between Iran and Iraq lasts for nearly 8 years.
Gulf Cooperation Council is created
The six-member states of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates join together the form the Gulf Cooperation Council.
Emirates Airline established
Emirates Airline is established as airports throughout the UAE are modernized and expanded.
Iraq Invades Kuwait - Gulf War
August 1990 - February 1991
After the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in August 1990 an alliance is created with the UAE Armed Forces and its major allies from around the Gulf and the World. A major offensive successfully liberates Kuwait from Iraqi occupation.
Etihad Airlines established
Invasion of Iraq
March 2003 - May 2003
A coalition of forces led by the United States and the United Kingdom invaded Iraq. The consequences of this invasion are discussed in His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates and Ruler of the Emirate of Dubai in his memoirs, My Story (2019) Chapter 41.
H.H. Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed al-Nahyan becomes President of the UAE and Ruler of Abu Dhabi
November 3, 2004 - Approx. Present
Upon the death of Sheikh Zayed, H.H. Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed al-Nahyan succeeds his father as Ruler of Abu Dhabi, and as a member of the Supreme Council and New President of the UAE.
Sheikh Muhammad bin Rashid al-Maktoum becomes Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai
2006 - Present
In 2006, Sheikh Muhammad bin Rashid al-Maktoum became Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE, Ruler of Dubai and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces
Population of 9.5 million
By 2014 the UAE had reached a population of about 9.44 million people as the country continues to prosper and grow.