Cold War Events

Main

Truman in Office

1945 - 1953

Truman had the Truman Doctrine

Churchill's Iron Curtain Speech

march 5, 1946

spoke about Soviet control of Eastern Europe

George Kennan's X-Article Published

1947

Blueprint for containment

Truman Doctrine Announced

March 2, 1947

Truman's promise to aid nations struggling against communist aggression

Marshall Plan Approved

1948

gave about $13 billion in US grants and loans to Western European nations so they could rebuild

Berlin Airlift

June 1948 - May 1949

Stalin cuts off supply and transportation lines to West Berlin so the US and UK airlift in supplies so the people can survive

Communists Win Chinese Civil War

1949

Mao is now leader of China

Formation of NATO

1949

a military alliance to counter Soviet expansion

Soviets Test Atomic Bomb

September 1949

US is no longer the only country with atomic weapons

McCarthy's Hearings Begin

1950

McCarthy accused many people in the federal government of being communists, and he never revealed the list of names. he also accused many other people solely because of connections to communists (family members) or with no evidence.

North Korea Invades South Korea

June 25, 1950

starts Korean War

US Tests hydrogen Bomb

1952

Perpetrates the arms race

Eisenhower in Office

1953 - 1961

US Installs US-Friendly Government in Iran

1953

under Eisenhower Doctrine

Stalin Dies

March 5, 1953

Short power struggle ensues. Nikita Kruschchev is the new leader of Russia. He wants more peaceful relations with the West.

Cease-Fire in Korean War

July 27, 1953

War never officially ends. Cease-fire still in place today. No one wins the war and no territory changes hands.

Soviets Test Hydrogen Bomb

August 1953

Perpetrates the arms race

Secretary Dulles Announces Policy of Massive Retalition

1954

This policy states the US will respond to communist threats to its allies by threatening to use crushing force, maybe even nuclear weapons.

US Installs US Friendly Government in Guatemala

1954

Formation of Warsaw Pact

1955

USSR and their satellites form a military alliance in response to NATO

Eisenhower and Khrushchev Meet in Geneva

July 1955

Small move toward peace.

Suez Canal Crisis

1956

the canal was managed by French and British armies. Nasser (Pres. of Egypt) nationalizes the canal. this threatens the flow of oil from the Middle East to Europe. GB and France back Israel and take back the canal. basically an excuse for them to seize the canal.

Hungarian Revolt

1956

Hungarian students and workers had huge demonstrations to remove the pro-Soviet officials from power and to get the USSR troops out of the country. they also want non-communist political parties. Krushchev suppresses the revolt brutally.

Eisenhower Doctrine Announced

Jan 1957

states the US will force to help any Middle Eastern nation threatened by communism

Soviets Launch Sputnik

October 4, 1957

First Satellite

Eisenhower Sends Troops to Lebanon

1958

Sent to stop a political crisis in the country.