Guizot's government refused to widen the suffrage, so this led to the parliamentary opposition to launch a protest movement. Government banned a banquet, and this led to barricades.
Louis Philippe abdicates, Republic proclaimed
Feb. 23, 1848
LP very sensitive to MC opinion, he held a review of his citizen militia, and when they refused to cheer him, he decided to abdicate in favor of his grandson and left for England.
Effort to preserve the dynasty was ignored, at the hotel de ville provisional government of men declared F a republic.
April 23, 1848
Nearly 85% of eligible voters voted, gave moderate republicans the majority.
June Days insurrection
June 23, 1848 - June 26, 1848
Workers conditions didn't really approve under a republic, so workers wanted a social program like Louis Blanc's socialist nationalist workshops. To moderate republicans, these workshops presented danger and waste, and the government ordered them to be disbanded. This led to fighting.
Became the symbol of class conflicts for socialists. Cavaignac was given almost dictatorial powers and took steps to restrict the press, surpress radical societies and discipline workers.
November 4, 1848
Louis Napoleon elected President
December 20, 1848
March 3, 1848
Hungary Diet cheered on Lajos Kossuth, who called for a representative government
Student Risings in Vienna
March 12, 1848
Hungary diet established free press and a national guard, abolished feudal obligations, and required nobles to pay taxes. The Hungarian example encouraged students in Vienna to demand representative governments for Austria as well.
march 13, 1848
Liberal Legislation; Hungarian autonomy
March 15, 1848 - march 31, 1848
Censorship was abolished, a constitution was promised, and firearms were passed out to the students, and universal male suffrage was conceded.
Hungarian autonomy brought similar demands from bohemia, croatia and Transylvania
Czechs promised a constituent assembly
April 8, 1848
Emperor proclaims constitution for Austria
april 25, 1848
Vienna demonstrators demand democracy
may 15, 1848
may 17, 1848
Prague bombarded; Pan-Slav congress dissolved; military dictatorship
June 12, 1848
Assembly in Vienna adopts constitution, peasants emancipated
June 22, 1848
Austria army from Croatia invades Hungary
September 17, 1848
Vienna Bombarded, occupied
October 31, 1848
Francis Joseph, Emperor
December 2, 1848
January 5, 1849
Austrian Reichstag dissolved, its constitution replaced
March 4, 1849
Hungary declares a Republic
april 13, 1849
Russia Invades Hungary
June 17, 1849
August 13, 1849
march 15, 1848
Frederick William IV agreed to remove his troops from Berlin, and used the evocative word of "germany"
Prussian King calls Landtag
march 18, 1848 - march 21, 1848
When Frederick William IV heard about uprisings in Vienna, he relaxed censorship and called a meeting of the Landtag.
Frankfurt National Assembly Meets
May 18, 1848
830 delegates elected by universal male suffrage came together to write a constitution for all of Germany. Mostly from smaller states and liberal west, more than half of them were lawyers and professors. Great majority favored a monarchial German State with a almost democratic constitution.
Prussian Constituent Assembly meets
May 22, 1848
Frankfurt assembly supports Prussia against Danes in Schleswig-Holstein
June 1848 - september 1848
Prussian Assembly Dissolved
december 5, 1848
Frankfurt Constitution completed
March 27, 1849
Frankfurt Constitution rejected by Prussia
April 21, 1849
January 12, 1848
First of the revolutions, well organized revolt in Palermo against rule from Naples.
King in Naples Grants constitution
February 10, 1848
Constitution Granted in Tuscany
February 17, 1848
Constitution Granted in Piedmont
March 4, 1848
Pope grants constitution
March 14, 1848
Milan Revolt: Five Glorious Days
March 18, 1848 - March 22, 1848
Revolt in Milan against the Austrian forces there, the austrian troops were forced to retreat.
Venice declared Republic
March 22, 1848
Venice rose up to reestablish the Venetian Republic and the possibility that the italian peninsula might be freed from foreign rule. This Nationalistic fervor forced Piedmont to join in the war against austria.