Guizot's government refused to widen the suffrage, so this led to the parliamentary opposition to launch a protest movement. Government banned a banquet, and this led to barricades.
LP very sensitive to MC opinion, he held a review of his citizen militia, and when they refused to cheer him, he decided to abdicate in favor of his grandson and left for England.
Effort to preserve the dynasty was ignored, at the hotel de ville provisional government of men declared F a republic.
Nearly 85% of eligible voters voted, gave moderate republicans the majority.
Workers conditions didn't really approve under a republic, so workers wanted a social program like Louis Blanc's socialist nationalist workshops. To moderate republicans, these workshops presented danger and waste, and the government ordered them to be disbanded. This led to fighting.
Became the symbol of class conflicts for socialists. Cavaignac was given almost dictatorial powers and took steps to restrict the press, surpress radical societies and discipline workers.
Hungary Diet cheered on Lajos Kossuth, who called for a representative government
Hungary diet established free press and a national guard, abolished feudal obligations, and required nobles to pay taxes. The Hungarian example encouraged students in Vienna to demand representative governments for Austria as well.
Censorship was abolished, a constitution was promised, and firearms were passed out to the students, and universal male suffrage was conceded.
Hungarian autonomy brought similar demands from bohemia, croatia and Transylvania
Frederick William IV agreed to remove his troops from Berlin, and used the evocative word of "germany"
When Frederick William IV heard about uprisings in Vienna, he relaxed censorship and called a meeting of the Landtag.
830 delegates elected by universal male suffrage came together to write a constitution for all of Germany. Mostly from smaller states and liberal west, more than half of them were lawyers and professors. Great majority favored a monarchial German State with a almost democratic constitution.
First of the revolutions, well organized revolt in Palermo against rule from Naples.
Revolt in Milan against the Austrian forces there, the austrian troops were forced to retreat.
Venice rose up to reestablish the Venetian Republic and the possibility that the italian peninsula might be freed from foreign rule. This Nationalistic fervor forced Piedmont to join in the war against austria.