World War 1

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WW1

1914 - 1918

Assassination of Franz Ferdinand (air to Austro-Hungarian throne)

28 June 1914

Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a group called the "Black Hand", a group that arose around when Austria-Hungary annexed the Balkan states of Bosnia and Herzegovina from Turkey. The Black Hand provided a group of students with weapons for the assassination of Franz Ferdinand. Franz was shot dead by a student named Gavrilo Princip.

This was what triggered the beginning of WW1

Austria declared war on Serbia

July 28 1914

The assassination of Franz Ferdinand enraged the Austro-Hungarian government. They then blamed the Serbian government for the assassination and declared war against Serbia.

Although Germany knew that Serbia was allied with Russia they did not feel it was necessary to mobilise troops but agreed to back up Austria-Hungary if necessary.

However, Russia mobilised its troops to support Serbia and through its alliance with France got France to help out.

Germany declared war on Russia

August 1 1914

Germany declared war on France and invaded Belgium

August 3 1914

Germany declares war on France and pours its troops into Belgium as Part of the Schleiffen Plan (a plan made by General Von Schleiffen that involved invading France via Belgium). Britain then threatens to declare war on Germany if they do not leave the neutral Belgium

Britain declared war on Germany

August 4 1914

Germany doesn't leave Belgium and Britain then declares war on Germany

Japan declares war on Germany

August 13 1914

Japan declares war on Germany through its alliance with Great Britain.

Battle of Tannenberg

26 August 1914

Russia enters Prussia. Due to lack of railway lines Russia found it hard to supply their troops with food and ammunition. Germany on the other and had a railway line that they used to surround the Russians in Tannenberg before the Russians knew what was going on. Although the lost almost 13.000 men this was a huge success for Germany as the killed thousands of Russian troops and took around 125,000 prisoners.

Battle of the Marne

6 September 1914 - 12 September 1914

Germany ventures deep into France only 30 miles away from Paris. This battle resulted in trench warfare and stalemate. French and Germany both lost around 250.000 men and Britain recorded 12,733 casualties.

Turkey Joins Central Powers

29 October 1914

Turkey joins the central powers and helps Germany destroy Russia's Navy.

Russia declares war on Turkey

2 November 1914

Russia declares war on Turkey for helping out Germans.

Britain and France declared war on Turkey

5 November 1914

Because of the alliance with Russia.

Conclusion to the end of 1914

December 1914

The Schleiffen plan didn't go as smoothly as the Germans expected. Belgians destroyed many of their railway lines and slowed down the deliverance of their supplies significantly.

French fighting back causedthe deaths of many French troops in the battle of Adennes, the Germans continued to march into France. They were eventually stopped by the allies at the river Marne.

British troops advanced into Mons and held of German soldiers before being forced to retreat. They also lost a huge number of men at the first battle of Ypres.

The end of 1914 also saw the introduction of the Zeppelins (also known as Blimps).

Zeppelins bomb Great Yarmouth

February 1915

Second battle of Ypres

22 Apr 1915 - 25 September 1915

This battle was fought over the strategic town of Ypres in western-Belgium. This battle introduced the first ever use of poisonous gas in warfare.

The Second Battle of Ypres consisted of six different engagements :

The Battle of Gravenstafel: Thursday 22 April – Friday 23 April 1915

The Battle of Saint Julien: Saturday 24 April – 4 May 1915.

The Battle of Frezenberg: 8–13 May 1915

The First Battle of Bellewaarde: 24–25 May 1915

The Battle of Hooge 30th and 31st July 1915 -(First use of German
Liquid Fire Attack-Flamethrowers)

The Second Attack on Bellewaarde 25th September 1915

Sinking of the Lusitania

7 May 1915

The Lusitania was a cargo ship loaded with meat, medical supplies, copper, cheese, oil and machinery, but was also secretly being loaded with munitions for Britain for the war. It was making a trip from New York to Liverpool when it was sunk without warning by a German U-Boat. This U-Boat was being captained by a man named Walter Schwieger who was notorious for sinking any neutral boats that were suspicious of looking British. the sinking of the Lusitania caused an outrage in the US and Britain and killed 1,998 people.

Italy joined war

23 May 1915

Italy entered the war on the side of the Allies.

Battle of Zutland

31 May 1915

Only large naval battle in WW1. Was fought between Britain and Germany. The British admiral had a good understanding of the German tactics and used this knowledge to quickly end the war.

Battle of Verdun

21 February 1916 - November 1916

Germans attack the French with the intentions to 'bleed them dry'. Battle went for nearly nine months before ending with no conclusion. The Germans lose 430,000 men and the French 540,000.

Romania enter the war

April 1916

Romania joined the war on the side of the Allies. But within a few months was occupied by Germans and Austrians.

2nd Battle of Jutland

1 June 1916

German and British naval forces met again but the battle didn't end up really having a conclusion. Germans ships did great damage to the Brits before leaving, Brits decided not to chase them up. After this battle both the Kaiser decided to keep their ships inside their own harbour.

Battle of the Somme

1 July 1916 - November 1916

This battle started after the bombardment of the German line with the intention to destroy barbed wire fences that defended the German line. The barbed wire wasn't hit and the bombardment actually just ended up making no-mans land an uneven muddy mess. This battle caused the deaths of t 420,000 British soldiers (60,000 on the first day), 200,000 French soldiers and 500,000 German soldiers. The Triple Entente only gained about 25 miles.

This battle also saw the first use of tanks in warfare.

Battle of Fromelles

19 July 1916 - 20 July 1916

Fromelles was the first major battle fought by Australian troops on the Western Front. The allies aim was to penetrate the German lines via the "Sugar Loaf" and then push the Germans further away from the Somme.

This was effectively a suicide mission as the Australian troops had to run across no mans land into the german lines whilst dodging the endless bullets of the German machine guns.

Despite this the Australian troops did get through the sugar loaf but were then surrounded by the German forces. This battle was a complete failure and caused the casualties of 5,533 Australian men.

First airplane raid

28 November 1916

The first use of planes in war. The Germans raided London and the south-east which meant the British had to stay home and defend themselves rather than attack the Germans

German U-boat campaign

1917

In Germany, orders were given to step up the U-boat campaign. All allied or neutral ships were to be sunk on sight and in one month almost a million tons of shipping was sunk.

USA declares war on Germany

6 April 1917

This was in response to the sinking of ships by the German U-boats.

Passchendaele

July 1917 - November 1917

This was the third battle of Ypres, the fighting went for a hundred days and only a few miles were gained by the allies. This war saw the casualties of 475,000 men on the side of the British which included 38,000 Australians.

Allies recover France and Belgium

October 1918

The allies had taken almost all of German-occupied France and part of Belgium.

Armistice Signed

11 Nov 1918

At 11 am, in the French town of Redonthes, the Armistice was signed bringing the war to an end.

Eamon realises he forgot to send in his timeline

11 March 2013 11:44am

Eamon sits down to realise he forgot to hand in his timeline and hastily emails it to his teacher.