World War 1

Main

Assassination of Franz Ferdinand.

06/28/1914 - 06/29/1914

Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and his wife are assassinated in Sarajevo by a member of the Serbian nationalist group "The Black Hand" called Gavrilo Princip, on June 28th, 1914. The first attempt of assassination by bomb failed, but was later followed by the killing shots.

Kaiser Wilhelm II promises German support for Austria against Serbia.

07/05/1914 - 07/06/1914

Austro-Hungary sends Serbia an ultimatum.

07/23/1914 - 07/24/1914

Austro Hungary says that if Serbia doesn't give up its independence, they will send in troops and declare a war.

Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.

07/28/1914 - 07/29/1914

Serbia refuses Austria-Hungary's ultimatum, so Emporer Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, on July 28th, 1914.

Russia begins mobilising its forces.

07/29/1914 - 07/30/1914

As an allie of Serbia, Russia hears of the ultimatum and Austro-Hungary's declaration of War, they begin to mobilise their forces

Germany demands that Russia stops their mobilisation.

07/30/1914 - 07/31/1914

Germany, who is an allie of the Austro-Hungarians, demand that Russia demobilises their forces, or else they will also step into the war. Russia refuses to demobilise.

Germany mobilises their forces and declares war on Russia.

08/01/1914 - 08/02/1914

Germany officially declares war on Russia after they refused to demobilise their forces.

France begins to mobilise their troops to assist Russia

08/02/1914 - 08/03/1914

France, who is also allied with Russia and Serbia bwgins to mobilise their forces to help Russia

Germany declares war on France and creates the Schlieffen Plan.

08/03/1914 - 08/04/1914

Germany declares war on France and devices the Schlieffen Plan, where they need to invade France by taking the most direct route through Belgium.

Germany declares war on neutral Belgium and invades.

08/04/1914 - 08/05/1914

Germany invades Belgium, killing over 10,000 innocent civilians.

Britain declares war on Germany.

08/04/1914 - 08/05/1914

Britain had agreed to help Belgium, who was a neutral country and had not expected to be involved in any war. Britain orders Germany to withdraw from Belgium, but when Germany refuses, Britatin declares war on Germany.

Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia.

08/06/1914 - 08/07/1914

Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia and this means that all of the major powers of Europe are at war with each other.

USA announces that it will stay neutral.

08/19/1914 - 08/20/1914

USA President Woodrow Wilson announces that the U.S will remain neutral and will not get involved in the war.

Battle of the Frontiers.

08/22/1914 - 08/23/1914

The Battle of the Frontiers begins. It was a series of 4 conflicts fought over the course of many days, between Germany, France and Britain.27,000 French soldiers die on this single day in a a battle with Germany

Battle of Mons.

08/23/1914 - 08/24/1914

The Battle of Mons was the first major action of Britain's troops. It was related to the Battle of the Frontiers. At Mons, the British Army tried to hold the line against the advancing German Army

Battle of Tannenberg

08/23/1914 - 08/30/1914

This was one of the first battles of the war. It was between the Russian Empire and the German Empire. It resulted in almost a total destruction of the Russian troops that fought. This threw the Russians off balance until the spring of 1915. It obviously ended in German victory and took place in East Prussia, which is modern day Poland.

First Battle of Marne.

09/05/1914 - 09/10/1914

The battle of Marne was a battle fought on the River Marne. Germany was defeated by France and England combined.Britain gathered all their troops, everyone they had, including the French so that they could surprise the Germans and this resulted in the defeat of the Germans. This was a major turning point for both sides, it was the first time that Germany had been so badly defeated and made them question whether they really could win the war.

Trench digging begins at the Western Front.

09/15/1914 - 1915

The first trenches of the Western Front are dug.

First Battle of Ypres.

10/19/1914 - 11/22/1914

This battle is also known as the First Battle of Flanders. It was fought in the town of Ypres in western Belgium between Britain, France and Belgium against the German Empire. It resulted in victory for the Allies.

Turkey enters the War.

10/29/1914

Turkey enters the War.

10/29/1914 - 10/30/1914

Turkey enters the war on Germany's side. The trench warfare starts to dominate the Western Front, which is a main battle site for most of the war.

First Battle of Artois.

12/01/1914 - 01/01/1915

This was the first of the three battle fought in the Artois region of Northern France. This was the first offensive move on the Western Front and the French failed to break the frontline, so the battle was a stalemate.

German Zeppelin air raid on England.

01/01/1915 - 01/02/1915

Zeppelins were huge airships invented in 1900 by Ferdinand von Zeppelin, the leader of the Zeppelin Company. They were first used in WW1 to battle against Britain's increasingly modern airforce.

Germany declares a "war-zone" around Britain.

02/04/1915 - 02/05/1915

Germany declares a naval war zone around Britain, which is basically a submarine blockade where all ships, even neutral cargo vessels and innocent civilians were potential targets.

Second Battle of Ypres.

04/22/1915 - 05/25/1915

This battle was also fought in the town of Ypres, following the first battle in 1914. It was the first time the Germany used poison gas majorly on the Western Front. It resulted in a stalemate.

The Allies begin a 9 month battle for Gallipoli.

04/25/1915 - 01/25/1916

Second Battle of Artois.

05/09/1915 - 05/15/1915

The French attack towards Vimy Ridge. The French gained some initial victories, but this battle ended in a stalemate.

Battle of Festubert.

05/15/1915 - 05/25/1915

This was an attack by the British forces on the Western Front which resulted in minor territorial gain for the Allies.

Tsar Nicholas steps in and takes command of Russian forces.

09/05/1915 - 09/06/1915

Third Battle of Artois.

09/25/1915 - 10/15/1915

This battle was also known as the Artois-Loos Offensive. The goal was for the Allies to capture Germain supply centres and force a German withdrawal. This battle resulted in a stalemate.

Battle of Loos.

09/25/1915 - 10/14/1915

This battle was the first time that poison gas was used by the British. The battle resulted in British Victory.

Sir Douglas Haig takes command of BEF

12/19/1915 - 12/20/1915

Douglas Haig becomes the commander of the British Expeditionary Force.

Allies begin to evacuate from Gallipoli

12/28/1915 - 12/29/1915

British conscription law.

02/10/1916 - 03/11/1916

A law is made in 1916 ans meant that single men aged between 18 and 41 would possibly be called for military duty unless they were widowed with children, or religious ministers.

Battle of Verdun.

02/21/1916 - 12/18/1916

The Battle of Verdun was the longest battle of the war. It resulted in a draw but it is estimated that there were over one million casualties.The impact that this battle had on France was one of the main reason Britain initiated the Battle of the Somme. It was fought on hilly land between France and Germany. This plan was formulated by General Von Falkenhiyn. He wanted to "bleed France white". Verdun was a French Fortress and a symbol of power, which is why Germany decided it was the perfect place for an attack. The battle ended in French victory and they recaptured the ground they had lost, including the Fort Douaumont.

The Battle of Jutland.

05/31/1916 - 06/01/1916

This battle was fought in the North Sea and was the only major naval battle in the war. It was between Britain's fleet, including troops from Australia and Canada and the German Empire. There was no clear winner but Britain kept its dominance of the North Sea.

Battle of the Somme.

07/01/1916 - 11/18/1916

The Battle of the Somme was a long battle, famous for having the most amount of casualties in one day of fighting. 58,000 British troops where either killed or seriously wounded and over the course of the battle it is estimated that there were over one million casualties. This was one of the first battles that Britain used tanks, but there weren't enough of them to make a huge impact.

Woodrow Wilson re-elected as President of the USA.

11/01/1916 - 11/02/1916

David Lloyd becomes the newest Prime Minister of Britian.

12/07/1916 - 12/08/1916

Germany declares more submarine warfare.

02/01/1917 - 02/02/1917

One of Germany's most lethal weapon was the U-boat submarine, simply because no one knew where they were and the could emerge and attack at any time. In 1915, a U-boat sank a ship called the Lusitania and 1,198 civilians. including around 130 Americans where killed. After this the Americans were very angry and the Germans responded to this by promising to not sink ships without warning, but im 1917, they break this promise.

Tsar Nicholas of Russia abdicates his throne.

03/15/1917 - 03/16/1917

After this, a provisional government was set up for Russia. A provisional government is an emergency government that forms after the collapse of a government or when there is no leader for the government and no one to take the place of leader.

America declares War on Germany.

04/06/1917 - 04/07/1917

President Wilson asks to declare war on Germany and thus America enters the war.

Battle of Vimy Ridge.

04/09/1917 - 04/12/1917

The Battle of Vimy Ridge was fought between the Germans and Britain and Canada. It was one of Canada's main battles in the war. The aim was for the Canadians to take possession of the high ground which the German's where occupying. The Canadians captured most of Vimy Ridge on the first day, as they had over 150,000 and Germany only had 45,000.

USA passes the law to draft men into the war.

05/18/1917 - 05/19/1917

The USA needs men to go to the frontline now that they are at war with Germany. The pass the Selective Service Act, which gives the Federal Government power to draft men into the forces.

Battle of Messines Ridge.

06/07/1917 - 06/14/1917

This was a battle near Flanders in Belgium and was conducted by the British Army. It resulted in Allied Victory.

First American troops arrive in France.

07/03/1917 - 07/04/1917

Battle of Passchendaele.

07/31/1917 - 11/06/1917

The Battle of Passchendaele or the Third Battle of Ypres was fought for the control of land. Passchendaele lay east of Ypres near a vital part of the German supply railway system. It ended with a victory for the Allies but there was over 700,000 casualties for both sides.

American troops begin battle in the trenches.

10/23/1917 - 10/24/1917

The American troops in France start to fight in trench warfare, firing their first shot on October 23rd.

Battle of Cambrai

11/20/1917 - 12/08/1917

This was another British attack campaign. Cambrai was a important supply point for the Germans Hindenburg Line and if the British succeeded in this battle and took possession of the nearby Bourlon Ridge, it would give them an opportunity to threaten the German line even more, but the battle resulted in a stalemate.

Leon Trotsky becomes the head of the new Russian government.

12/03/1917 - 12/04/1917

Leon Trotsky represents the new Russian government and he signs an armistice with Germany. An armistice is an agreement between by opposing sides of a war to stop fighting, like a truce.

Influenza.

1918 - 1919

Two massive waves of influenza killed somewhere between 30-40 million people, more than WW1 itself.

Germany launches its plan to win the war.

03/21/1918 - 06/21/1918

Germany launches its plan, starting off with the first of 5 major offensive attacks. They want to win the war quickly, before the Americans start to have too much power in the trenches, but their plan is finally stopped in late June.

British and Australian forces stop Germany advancing near Amiens in France

04/25/1918 - 04/26/1918

German shells bomb Paris

05/23/1918 - 05/24/1918

The French military are posing a threat to Germany's well thought out plan to win the war so they launch the shells quickly to slow Frances attacks.

Germans are stopped by the Americans.

05/31/1918 - 06/01/1918

Germans get stopped on the banks of the Marne River in Paris by American forces and are captured.

German troops begin to desert their army in large numbers.

07/01/1918 - 07/02/1918

The German troops moving from the Eastern Front to the Western Front begin to leave their transport trains in large groups and go on "strike".

Americans join forces with the Allies to fight the Central Powers.

08/03/1918 - 09/27/1918

The Allies and Americans push the Germans back away from Paris and into retreat in August. In September, the Allied troops break through the Hindenburg line (the German line of defence on the Western Front).

Turkey signs the armistice.

10/30/1918 - 10/31/1918

The Turkish government signs the armistice that the Russians signed with the Germans in 1917.

Kaiser Wilhelm abdicates.

11/09/1918 - 11/10/1918

Kaiser Wilhelm the second, the German Emperor, abdicates his throne and on November 10th, Germany becomes a republic.

THE END OF THE WAR

11/11/1918 - 11/12/1918

At eleven o'clock on the eleventh day of the eleventh month of 1918, the war officially ends as the Central Powers and the Allies sign an Armistice.

The Treaty of Versailles.

06/28/1919 - 06/29/1919

The Treaty of Versailles officially ends World War One.

ALTERNATE WAR

This is a short and brief timeline of an alternate way the war could have gone.

Russian Empire falls and many European nations become independent.

1906 - 1907

The Russian Empire falls due to the Russian revolution and many nations become independent.

Austro-Hungary declares war on Serbia.

08/01/1914 - 08/02/1914

Austro-Hungarian Empire declares war on Serbia for the assassination of their heir to the throne, Franz Ferdinand.
Russia is no longer allied with Serbia so they do not intervene and stay neutral.

Germany and Austro-Hungary Unite.

09/01/1914 - 09/02/1914

Germany and Austro-Hungary who have long been allies, decide to unite to gain more land for both their empires. Germany helps Austro-Hungary unite the Germans under one flag and this German-Austro-Hungarian Empire declares war on Switzerland, because they want the land, and Switzerland is least prepared.

Allied forces,Britain and France, decide to intervene and help the Swiss.

10/01/1914 - 10/02/1914

Britain and France declare war on the German-Austro-Hungarian Empire.

The Allies and Central Powers battle on the Western Front.

02/01/1915 - 08/01/1915

The Allies (Serbia, Switzerland, Britain and France) and the Central Powers (Germany. Austro-Hungary) begin battles on the Western Front.

The German Alliance conquers Paris.

11/01/1915 - 02/01/1916

The German-Austro-Hungarian Alliance conquers Paris and Italy joins the German Empire to avoid being the next target.

France falls completely and is taken over by the Central Powers.

01/01/1917 - 01/02/1917

The whole country of France has been defeated and all the French colonies are split up between Italy and the German-Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Central Powers, not including Italy, declare war on Romania.

04/01/1917 - 08/01/1917

The German-Austro-Hungarian Empire declares war on Romania so they can expand their empire onto the east coast of Europe.

Austria-Hungary conquers Romania and Germany turns towards new target.

11/01/1917 - 11/02/1917

Austro-Hungarian forces conquer Romania and German forces focus on taking down Ireland and Scotland.

Germany takes control of Ireland and Scotland after a long battle.

01/01/1918 - 12/01/1918

Central Powers Empire riegns and the other countries pull out of the war.

01/01/1919 - 01/02/1919

The remaining Alliances of England, Serbia and Switzerland surrender and pull out of the war and the Central Powers take over their land and people.