20th Century War an Conflict (1900 - 1950) - Ollie Wicks

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Assassination of Franz Ferdinand

June 28 1914

Franz Ferdinand was the heir to the Austria/ Hungary throne. On July 28th 1914 he was assassinated by Gavrilo Pricip. One month later Austria/ Hungary declared war on Serbia which was the start of World War 1.

World War 1

July 28 1914 - November 11 1918

World War 1 was a horrific event that changed the world. Over 15 million people died and over 20 million people were wounded. It went for 4 years and was a horrible conflict.

Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich

1 August 1914 - 5 September 1916

Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich was the Romanov of Russia and was a Russian general in World War I.
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East Prussia

August 20 1914

The Germans attack the Russians in East Prussia. The attack is a failure in addition to being a deviation from the Schlieffen Plan.

Battle of the Yser

16 October 1914 - 31 October 1914

Battle of the Yser. French and Belgian forces secure the coastline of Belgium.

Battle of Ypres

October 19 1914 - October 2 1918

The Battle of Ypres was another horrific battle that was played out in 5 different parts over the 4 years of the war.

Battle of Sarikamis

29 December 1914 - 2 January 1915

The Russians win the Battle of Sarikamis, Caucasian.

Gallipoli

April 25 1915 - January 9 1916

On February 19 1915 the Battle of Gallipoli started. The Battle of Gallipoli was another horrible war that ended on the 9th of January 1916 after a year of bomming, fighting and killing. Allot of men were killed and injured. It was a terrifying year which ended in the deaths of over 8,500 Aussie's.

Battle of Gorlice-Tarnów

1 May 1915 - 3 May 1915

Battle of Gorlice-Tarnów: the German troops under General Mackensen break through the Russian lines in Galicia.

Battle of Gully Ravine

28 June 1915 - 5 July 1915

The British win the Battle of Gully Ravine.

The Battle of Verdun

February 21 1916 - December 16 1916

The Battle of Verdun was one of the biggest wars of World War 1. Not only was the Battle of Verdun the longest single battle of World War 1 but it also started the tragic battle of Somme.

John Monash

26 April 1916 - October 8 1931

John Monash was a civil engineer who became the Australian military commander in the First World War.

Germany - Submarine Warfare

10 May 1916

Germany suspends unrestricted submarine warfare.

The Battle of Somme

July 1 1916 - November 1916

The Battle of Somme was a horrible battle between Germany, and France and Britain who where allied in the war. The object in this battle was to move German men away to north Verdun to relieve the French so they had a better chance at capturing the Verdun trench. In this battle the British army lost 60,000 men in the first 24 hours and over all suffered 420,000 causalities. Also the French lost 200,000 men and the German's lost nearly 500,000 men.

Battle of Guillemont

8 August 1916 - 5 September 1916

Battle of Guillemont (intermediate phase of the Battle of the Somme)

Romania Entere's the War

27 August 1916

Romania enters the war on the Entente's side. Her army is defeated in a few weeks.

Fort Douaumont

24 October 1916

The French recapture Fort Douaumont near Verdun.

German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann

16 January 1917

The German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann sends a telegram to his ambassador in Mexico, instructing him to propose to the Mexican government an alliance against the United States.

Aleksei Brusilov

February 1917 - August 1917

Aleksei Alekseevich Brusilov was a Russian general most noted for the development of new offensive tactics used in the 1916 Brusilov Offensive.

Baghdad

8 March 1917 - 11 March 1917

The British capture Baghdad.

Battle of Arras

9 April 1917 - 16 May 1917

Battle of Arras. The British attack a heavily fortified German line without obtaining any strategic breakthrough.

Battle of Caporetto

24 October 1917 - 4 November 1917

Battle of Caporetto. The Austro-Hungarians and Germans break through the Italian lines. The Italian army is defeated and falls back on the Piave River.

Battle of Cambrai

November 20 1917 - December 3 1917

Battle of Cambrai. A British attack fails and the battle results in a stalemate.

Jericho

21 February 1918

The British capture Jericho.

Battle of Flers-Courcelette

15 September 1918

Battle of Flers-Courcelette (last offensive of the Battle of the Somme). The British use armored tanks for the first time in history.

Battle of the Hindenburg Line

18 September 1918 - 10 October 1918

Battle of the Hindenburg Line, a phase of the Hundred Days Offensive. The Allies break through the German lines.

Battle of Doiran

18 September 1918 - 19 September 1918

Battle of Doiran, The Bulgarians halt the British and Greek advance.

Battle of Vittorio Veneto

24 October 1918 - 4 November 1918

Battle of Vittorio Veneto. The Austro-Hungarian army is routed. The Italians enter Trent and land at Triest.

The End of WW1

11 November 1918

At 6 am, Germany signs the Armistice of Compiègne. End of fighting at 11 a.m..

Hearing of Germany's Surrender.

14 November 1918

3 days after the armistice, fighting ends in the East African theater when General von Lettow-Vorbeck agrees a cease-fire on hearing of Germany's surrender.

Germany Submarine Warfare

October 20

Germany suspends submarine warfare.