The Battle of Marathon ended the ten year war between Greece and Persia. The Greeks defeated the Persians with military technique and their use of the phalanx military formation. A notable hero of the Battle of Marathon was Pheidippides, who ran 26.2 miles from Marathon to Athens to warn the Athenians the Persians were on their way. As a result, the Athenians were capable of defending themselves more efficiently.
Battle of Thermopylae
The Spartans sacrifice themselves in the Battle of Thermopylae in order to slow down the Persians and save the Athenians.
Second Persian War
480 BC - 476 BC
The son of Darius, Xerxes, seeks revenge on Athens for his father's death from the 1st Persian War.
The period of growth in Athens marked artistic and literacy supremacy and a strong democratic government with the guidance of a strong and powerful leader, Pericles. Pericles strengthened democracy by increasing the amount of paid public officials and focusing on direct democracy. Pericles also rebuilt the navy and worked through the Delian League. Finally, Pericles was willing to pay for beauty and culture, glorifying Athens.
431 BC - 404 BC
This war was fought between Athens and Sparta because Sparta opposed of the Delian League. Athens was defeated and Sparta took over the Delian League.
359 BC - 338 BC
The king of Macedonia (Philip II) wanted to conquer Greece. The Macedonian invasion transformed peasants into a well trained army and transformed Greece into a monarchy with no independent city-states.
Conquest of Alexander
356 BC - 323 BC
Alexander continued his father's plan to invade Persia and Egypt and was successful. Alexander's men (army) liked him because he fought beside them and treated them as equals. Alexander named city "Alexandria" after everywhere he conquered. http://wso.williams.edu/~junterek/images/alexhea2.jpg