The Cold War

Main

The term 'Cold War' coined

4/16/1947

Political

Poland led by communists

6/28/1945

Churchill loses election

7/1945

Potsdam Conference

7/17/1945 - 8/2/1945

Gouzenko defects, describes Soviet spy ring

9/5/1945

Gouzenko, a person working in the Soviet embassy in Canada, defects and provides information of an active Soviet spy ring in Canada and other Western nations.

the UN Charter ratified

10/24/1945

The Long Telegram

2/22/1946

Iron Curtain Speech

3/5/1946

Churchill holds his famous Iron Curtain speech.

Britain and US merge their zones in Germany - Bizone

1/1/1947

USA changes occupation policies on Germany

7/11/1947

Clauses prohibiting economic rehabilitation in Germany are removed by clauses permitting economic growth.

India, Pakistan granted independence

8/14/1947

COMINFORM created

10/1947

Czechoslovakia becomes Communist

2/25/1948

This marks the end of communist takeovers in Eastern Europe.

Treaty of Brussel

3/1948

Finnish-Russian Friendship Treaty

4/6/1948

Bizone and French zone merges, forms Federal Republic of Germany

5/23/1948

West German zones launches common currency

6/21/1948

The French zone and the Bizone launches Deutche Mark.

Yugoslavia expelled from COMINFORM

6/28/1948

Republic of Korea formed

7/17/1948

Democratic People's Republic of Korea formed

9/9/1948

Federal Republic of Germany

5/23/1949

USSR vetoes UN membership of some nations

9/13/1949

Ceylon (Sri Lanka), Finland, Iceland, Italy, Jordan, and Portugal

People's Republic of China founded

10/1/1949

German Democratic Republic founded

10/7/1949

UK recognices PRC, ROC severs diplomatic relations

1/5/1950

Soviet Union and China sign Pact of Mutual Defense

2/16/1950

Schuman Plan

5/9/1950

UN decides to send forces to Korea

6/27/1950

McCarren Bill

9/1950

The Rosenbergs convicted for espionage

3/29/1951

Greece, Turkey joins NATO

9/1951

Treaty of San Francisco

9/1951

Truman signs Mutual Security Act

10/1951

Libya independent

12/1951

Eisenhower becomes US President

1/20/1953

Stalin dies

3/5/1953

Uprising in East Germany

6/16/1953

Iranian coup arranged by CIA

8/1953

Nikita Khrushchev leader of USSR

9/7/1953

KGB established

3/1954

SEATO founded

9/8/1954

Baghdad Pact founded

2/24/1955

Also called Middle East Treaty Organization, committing to resist Soviet expansion in the Middle East.

Indian PM forms predecessor of NAM

4/1955

Khrushchev holds anti-Stalin speech

2/25/1956

Poznan Uprising

6/28/1956

Molotov forced to retire

6/1957

NASA est.

10/1958

Kennedy inaugurated

1/20/1960

U2 plane shot down

5/1960

SIno-Soviet Split

6/1960

US relation to Cuba broken

1/1961

IRBM in Turkey

6/1961

Berlin Wall built

8/13/1961

Non-Aligned Movement unofficially founded

9/1/1961

Castro defines himself as Marxist-Leninist

12/2/1961

Moscow-Washington Hotline established

6/20/1963

Ngo Diem assassinated

11/2/1963

Leonid Brezhnev succeeds Khrushchev

10/14/1964

Bangkok Declaration signed

8/8/1967

The founding document of Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

Vietnamisation starts

7/1969

US troops to Cambodia

4/1970

PRC recognised by UN as sole legitimate govt. of China

10/25/1971

Nixon visits China

2/21/1972 - 2/28/1972

SALT 1

5/1972

Watergate Scandal

7/1972

Nixon resignes

8/1974

Helsinki Accords

7/1975 - 8/1/1975

An attempt to improve the relationship between the Communist and Capitalist blocs.

Apollo-Soyuz Test Project

7/15/1975 - 7/24/1975

A joint US-Soviet space flight. Is seen as a symbol of détente.

Economic

Truman Doctrine launched

3/12/1947

Marshall Plan

6/5/1947 - 6/30/1952

Czechoslovakia and Poland forced to reject Marshall Plan

7/1947

COMECON

1/1949

NSC-68

4/1950

European Coal and Steel Communited founded

4/18/1951

Japan becomes a sovereign state

4/28/1952

... after signing the Treaty of Taipei and Treaty of San Francisco.

Embargo on Cuba proclaimed

10/1960

Technological

First nuclear-powered submarine

6/14/1952

USSR develops ICBM

8/1957

Sputnik Satellite launched

10/4/1957

Sputnik II with Laika

11/3/1957

First human in space is a Soviet

4/12/1961

First Manned Moon Landing

7/20/1969

Apollo 11.

Military

NATO formed

4/4/1949

USSR successfully tests A-bomb

8/29/1949

UK successfully tests A-bomb

10/2/1952

US successfully test thermonuclear bomb

11/1/1952

West Germany joins NATO

5/9/1955

Warsaw Pact founded

5/14/1955

Geneva Summit

7/18/1955

Discussions about world peace.

France successfully test A-bomb

2/16/1960

Operation Mongoose

11/1961

Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

7/1963

Lyndon Johnson, Khrushchev slows production of nuclear bombs

4/20/1964

US President Lyndon Johnson and USSR Premier Nikita Khrushchev simultaneously announces that they are going to cut back on the production of nuclear weapons.

China successfully tests A-bomb

10/16/1964

France partially withdraws from NATO

3/10/1966

Conflicts

Iranian Crisis

1/1946 - 12/1946

Post-WW2 Civil War in China

3/31/1946 - 5/1/1950

First Indochina War

12/19/1946 - 8/1/1954

France - Vietnam

The Berlin Blockade

6/24/1948 - 5/12/1949

The Korean War

6/25/1950 - 7/27/1953

Battle of Incheon

9/30/1950

China invades Tibet

10/1950

China intervenes in Korean War

10/22/1950

Cuban Revolution

7/26/1953 - 1/1/1959

First Taiwan Strait Crisis

9/3/1954 - 5/1/1955

Vietnam War

11/1/1955 - 4/30/1975

Hungarian revolution

10/23/1956

Suez Crisis

10/29/1956 - 11/7/1956

Communist insurgency in South Vietnam

12/1956

Second Taiwan Strait Crisis

8/23/1958 - 10/6/1958

Second Berlin Crisis

11/1958

Bay of Pigs invasion

4/17/1961 - 4/19/1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

10/16/1962 - 10/28/1962

Gulf of Tonkin incident

8/4/1964

US starts bombing North Vietnam

3/1965

US marines land in Vietnam

3/1965

Six-Day War

6/5/1967 - 6/10/1967

Tet Offensive

1/1968

My Lai Incident

3/1968

Johnson suspends bombing

3/1968

Invasion of Czechoslovakia

8/20/1968 - 9/20/1968

By Warsaw Pact nations.

Nixon President

1/20/1969

US bombs Cambodia

3/1969

Sino-Soviet Border Clashes

3/2/1969 - 9/11/1969

Paris Peace Talks

4/1972 - 1/23/1973

US leaves Vietnam

1/1973

Yom Kippur War

10/6/1973 - 10/25/1973