Pheidippies ran 26.2 miles to Athens warning them that the Persians are going to come back stronger. The Athenians then prepare for the battle which lead to the final blow to Persia. This was a Grecian victory.
Second Persian War
480 B.C - 476 B.C
Xerxes wants to avenge Darius' death, who is also his father. Xerxes rebuilds and marches to Athens with his army.
Pericles was a fighter from the Persian War and lead Athens to its Golden Age. He strengthened the democracy, built up Athens, and glorified it though the Delian League.
430 B.C - 404 B.C
Sparta was angered at Athens for taking all of the glory for defeating the Persians. Athens taxes the city states, Sparta is angered, and begins the war.
427 B.C - 347 B.C
Plato was a student of Socrates which wrote down many of his teachings. Also suggested that the government was to be switched to a meritocracy. Plato created a school, The Academy, and taught Aristotle. http://www.historyguide.org/images/plato.jpg
384 B.C - 322 B.C
Aristotle was a student of Plato. He applied logic to science. (If A equals B, and B equals C then, C equals A) Also built a school, The Lyceum, and taught Alexander the Great.
359 B.C - 338 B.C
King Philip of Macedonia conquered by an invasion of the Greek city-states. He did not destroy the towns but he changed their governments. He was killed by a former guard at his daughters wedding.