Timeline Project, Wyatt Cauble A2

Salutary Neglect

an undocumented, though long standing British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws

Settling of Jamestown


104 English men and boys began a settlement on the banks of Virginia's James River.America's first permanent English colony

Virginia House of Burgesses


the first assembly of elected representatives of English colonists in North America

Mayflower Compact


first governing document of Plymouth Colony written by Separatists, also known as the "Saints", fleeing from religious persecution by King James of Great Britain

Pilgrims Land at Plymouth Rock

December 1620

traditional site of disembarkation of William Bradford and the Mayflower Pilgrims who founded Plymouth Colony in 1620

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut


has the features of a written constitution, and is considered by some as the first written Constitution in the Western tradition

Bacons Rebellion


armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia settlers led by young Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of William Berkeley.

Glorious Revolution


the overthrow of King James II of England by a union of English Parliamentarians

British Bill of Rights


An Act Declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Subject and Settling the Succession of the Crown

Salem Witch Trials


a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts, between February 1692 and May 1693

Taxation and Mercantilism

The economic theory that trade generates wealth and is stimulated by the accumulation of profitable balances

John Peter Zinger


a printer, publisher, editor and journalist in New York City, defendant in a landmark legal case in American jurisprudence, known as "The Zenger Trial"

Albany Plan for the Union


a proposal to create a unified government for the Thirteen Colonies, suggested by Benjamin Franklin, then a senior leader of 48 and a delegate from Pennsylvania

French and Indian war

1754 - 1763

War fought primarily between the colonies of British America and New France, both sides supported by military units from parent countries of Great Britain and France

Proclamation of 1763


forbade settlers from settling past a line drawn along the App Mtns organize Great Britains new North American empire and to stabilize relations with Native Americans

Quartering Act


address practical concerns of troop deployment Under terms of legislation each colonial assembly directed to provide the basic needs of soldiers stationed within its borders

Stamp Act

March 1765

imposed direct tax by British Parliament specifically on colonies of British America, required that many printed materials in colonies be produced on stamped paper

Declaratory Act


stated that Parliament's authority was the same in America as in Britain and asserted Parliament's authority to pass laws that were binding on the American colonies

Townshend Acts


series of acts passed beginning in 1767 by the Parliament of Great Britain relating to the British colonies in North America

Boston Massacre


an incident on March 5, 1770, in which British Army soldiers killed five civilian men and injured six others

Boston Tea Party


Protest against the tax policy of the British government and the East India Company that controlled all the tea imported into the colonies

Tea Act

May 1773

Act of Parliament of Great Britain to reduce massive surplus of tea held by financially troubled British East India Company in London & to help struggling company survive.

1st Contenental Congress


convention of delegates from twelve colonies that met on September 5 1774 at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania early in the American Revolution

Intolerable Acts


series of laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 relating to Britain's colonies in North America.

Battles of Lexington and Concord


first military engagements of American Revolutionary War battles marked the outbreak of open armed conflict between Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen colonies

2nd Continental Congress

May 1775

convention of delegates from the twelve colonies that started meeting on May 10 1775 in Philadelphia Pennsylvania soon after warfare in American Revolutionary War had begun

Olive Branch Petition

July 1775

adopted by Continental Congress in July 1775 in a fortified attempt to avoid full war between the Thirteen Colonies that the Congress represented, and Great Britain

Thomas Paine writes Common Sense


Common Sense presented the American colonists with an argument for freedom from British rule at a time when the question of seeking independence was still undecided.

Declaration of Independence


statement adopted by Continental Congress which announced that the thirteen colonies regarded themselves as independent states & no longer part of British Empire

Articles of Confederation


agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution

Treaty of Paris


ended the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain on one side and the United States of America and its allies on the other.