the first NASA launch from Cape Canaveral. The spacecraft is intended to reach the moon but doesn't make it.
first human to enter space
April 12, 1961
Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human to enter space and return safely.
Launch of Friendship 7
February 20, 1962
Launch of Friendship 7 (also part of the Mercury Project) makes astronaut John Glenn the first American to go into orbit. Total flight time was just shy of five hours.
first American spacewalk.
June 3 1965
June 3-7, 1965: The 2nd piloted Gemini mission, Gemini 4, stays aloft for 4 days. Astronaut Ed White performs the first American spacewalk.
August 21, 1965
Launch of Gemini 5, carrying astronauts Gordon Cooper and Charles Conrad on an eight-day mission to test rendezvous guidance and navigation systems, as well as study how humans could handle long-term exposure to a space environment. Gemini would be the critical link between the early Mercury Project and the Apollo missions.
June 16, 1966
The Surveyor spacecraft lands on the moon.
final flight of the Gemini program
november 15, 1966
The 12th and final flight of the Gemini program. Underwater training is introduced for spacewalk preparation.
december 21, 1968 - december 27, 1968
Apollo 8, carrying a 3-man crew, circumnavigates the moon. It is the first manned spacecraft to leave the gravitational influence of Earth.
First walk on the moon
July 20 1969
Astronauts Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin and Neil Armstrong become the first men to walk on the moon.
february 5, 1971
Apollo 14 lands on the moon, commanded by Alan Shepard. He is the only astronaut from Project Mercury to reach the moon.
august 20, 1975
Launch of Viking 1, the first orbiter and lander sent to Mars. Viking 2 would launch a few weeks later. Both landed safely on Mars and for six years sent back the first set of images and data from the Martian surface.
january 28 1986
On January 28th 1986, tragedy struck. Space Shuttle Challenger exploded shortly after launch, because of a fuel system failure. All seven astronauts on board were killed, and all shuttles were grounded for nearly three years.
may 15 1989
Magellan May 15, 1989, Mapped out Venus's atomosphere.
may 2 1992
2nd May 1992 First flight of Space Shuttle Endeavour, including the first three-person spacewalk
observe Jupiter and Saturn
Galileo and Casini 1995 Sent to observe Jupiter and Saturn.
Cassini space probe
oct 15 1997
15 Oct. 1997 The international Cassini space probe mission left Earth bound for Saturn atop an Air Force Titan
International Space Station
-In 2000 the first permanent crew moved into the International Space Station (ISS), where crews of astronauts have been living ever since.
may 25 2008
May 25, 2008: Mars Phoenix probe joins 2 rovers that have been exploring the planet since January 2004.
Water on Mars
-In July 2008, Phoenix confirms the presence of water ice on Mars.
Last Mission STS-135
july 20 2011 - july 21 2011
The final space shuttle mission, STS-135, ended July 21, 2011 when Atlantis rolled to a stop at its home port, NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida.