Hip Hop

Main

Clive Campbell is born

1955

The father is born
known as DJ KOOL HERC
born in kingston Jamaica

Afrika Bambaatan is born

1957

American DJ from South Bronx New York
instrumental in early development of Hip Hop in 1980s
one of the three originators of break beat Deejaying

City Changes

1959

Park Commissioner began building an expressway through the heart of the Bronx
The middle class Italians, German, Irish and jewish neighbourhoods disappeared over night in addition businesses and factories relocated
They were replaced by poor black and Hispanic families
accompanying these people were crime and drug addiction aswell as unemployment

Jamaican Dub Music

1960

Dub was created by DJs during the 1960
Reggae records were manipulated and reshaped
usually removing the vocal line
emphasising the drum and bass part
Clive Campbell would copy this style using funk and solo records of the 1970s

Clive Campbell to Kool Herc

1967

migrated to the Bronx from Jamaica at the age of 12

2nd City Change

1968

The completion of apartments on the northern edge of the Bronx accelerated the middle class exodus
large vacancy rate made landlords sold properly to proffessional slum lords
as a consequence it deteriortated many vacant buildings

Savage Seven and the start of gang community

1968

start of gang (savage seven)
as they grew they changed their name to the Black Spades
surge of street gang activity
would overwhelm the Bronx for the next six years

Rise of Graffiti

1970

the cornerstone of inner city self expression
significant to Hip-Hop
used for gangs to mark territories and communicate

Decline of Gang Activity

1973

Leader of Black spades leaves to start a peaceful zulu nation and became a DJ
Block parties more popular aswell as clubs
gang members more involved in Hip-Hop at oarties

DJ Herc pioneers "break beats"

1973

using popular funk and soul records people enjoyed dancing to he would stretch the instrumental break of the song by using two copies of the same record on two turntables, mixing between the two records to extend the break

start of break dancing

1974

breakdancing would derived from special dances to breaks in the records
created crews and challenging to dance battles

Invention of the "scratch"

1975

DJ grand wizard Theodore accidentally invents the scratch techniques
essential DJ technique

Kool Herc forms first MC team

1975

Hires Coke La Rock and Klark Kentto rhyme over his instrumental breaks
this was rap musics first emcee team
Kool Herc and the Herculoids is what they were called

808 Drum Machine

1978

Roland created the 808 drum machine
most used drum machine in history

The Fatback band "king Tim 3"

1979

first rap/hip hop single

Grand Master Flash and his furious Five

1979

Grand master flash forms, greatest MC crew of all time

Samplers introduced

1979