Hip Hop

A timeline to show the progression of Hip Hop

Main

Clive Campbell Born

1955

Clive Campbell is born in Kingston, Jamaica. He is often thought of as the father of Hip Hop.

Afrika Bambaataa Born

1957

DJ from the south bronx, New York. One of the three originators of breakbeat dancing.

City Changes

1959

Park comissioner, Robert Moses began building an expressway through the Bronx. The middleclass Italian, German, Irish and jewish families left over night. They were replaced by poor black and hispanic families. Accompanying drug addiction and crime.

Jamaican Dub Music

1960

Created by Jamaican DJs during late 60s Reggae records were Manipulated and reshaped by removing vocals, and focusing on the drum and bass parts.

Clive Campbell To Cool Herc

1967

Clive Campbell migrates to Bronx ans gains his stage name; Cool Herc, a variation of his nickname; hercules due to his size.

Savage Seven and Start of Gang activity.

1968

In the Bronxdale section of the Bronx, a teenage gang called the Savage Seven began terrorising the local community. Later changed their name to the Black Spades.

2nd City Change

1968

Completion of 15,382 apartment building next to expressway in the Bronx accelerated the middle class leaving and gave rise to derelict land, AKA Ghetto.

Rise of Graffiti

1970

Tremendous significance in the hip hop culture, it was a cornerstone of inner city expression. Often used to mark territory and for communication.

DJ Herc pioneers Break Beats.

1973

DJs his first block party (his little sisters birthday) in the Bronx NY.
Using popular dance records people liked. Using two copies of the same record and mixing them together, thus stretching the break.

Decline of gang activity.

1973

Afrika Bambaataa, head of the black spades leaves to form the peaceful Zulu Nation. He became a DJ.
Block parties and clubs were becoming more popular.

Start of Break Dancing

1974

Third of the four elements of hip hop. Break Dancing aka B-boying, originated in south Bronx.

Kool Herc forms first MC team

1975

Hires Coke la Rock and Klark Kent to rhyme over his instrumental breaks. Later known as Kool Herc and the Herculoids.

Invention of the scratch.

1975

DJ Grand Wizard Theodore accidentally invents the scratch technique, created by spinning the record forwards and backwards.

808 Drum Machine

1978

Roland creates the 808 drum machine, the most used drum machine in history.

Grandmaster Flash and his Furious Five

1979

One of the most popular MC groups.

Sugarhill Gang - Rappers Delight

1979

The Fat Back Band - King Tim 3

1979

Samplers introduced

1979