Bowmaking History

Bow Technology

Improvements in the techniques of bowmaking.

Corelli bow model

1690

Tartini/Pugnani bow model

1730

Screw Mechanism Acceptance

1750

Universal acceptance by this date.

Cramer bow model

1770

F. Tourte invents the ferrule

1782

Viotti bow model

1782

Tourte & his younger contemporaries

1800 - 1835

Vuillaume bow makers. Peccatte dominates.

1835 - 1865

Voirin School. Quest for delicacy.

1865 - 1900

Sartory, Fetique, Ouchard. Power and response.

1900 - 1950

German Bowmakers

Formal application for Bowmaking guild in Saxony.

1790

French Bowmakers

Nicolas Leonard Tourte

1746 - 1807

Francois-Xavier Tourte

1748 - 1835

Francois (II) Lupot

1774 - 1838

Invented the coulisse. Helps protect the rails from cracking, and stabilizes the seating of the frog.

One of the first to use "Maillechort" mounted frogs on premium sticks. (Nickel - Silver or "German Silver") Around 1824.

F. Tourte begins full-time bowmaking

1775

Jean Pierre Marie Persoit

1784 - 1854

Worked for Vuillaume, helped to train Peccatte.

Charles-Francois Gand (Gand Pere)

1789 - 1845

Born in Versaille
Inherited Nicolas Lupot shop in Paris- married Lupot's adopted daughter.

Etienne Pajeot

1791 - 1849

Mirecourt.

N. Tourte in exile

1793 - 1794

Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume

1798 - 1875

Trained Peccatte.

Dominique Peccate

1810 - 1874

Vuillaume shop established

1826

Francois Nicolas Voirin

1833 - 1885

Lighter weight
Later, clear, orange-colored pernambuco.
Smaller, daintier head. Curve begins immediately behind.
Started in Vuillaume shop.
Trained Louis Thomassin, Joseph Alfred Lamy, pere.

Charles Nicolas Bazin

1847 - 1915

Influenced by Voirin school. Graceful, refined style.

Joseph Alfred Lamy, pere

1850 - 1919

Grace, neatness.
Taught Sartory.

Charles Peccatte

1850 - 1918

Nephew of Dominique.
Taught Sartory.
Strength and power.

Joseph Arthur Vigneron

1851 - 1916

Earlier, bolder style: Husson, Simon.

Voirin opens own shop.

1870

Eugene Sartory

1871 - 1946

Strongly compact style head
Idiosyncratic model frog and button. Rarely altered, ebony/silver/Parisian eyes.
More wood behind the head for added power at the tip.

Victor Fetique

1872 - 1933

Emile Auguste Ouchard

1900 - 1969

Trained with father, Emile Francois Ouchard - MIrecourt.
1940 - opened own shop in Paris.
1946-1960 lived in NYC
Powerful, strong, weighty stick.

Performers

Arcangelo Corelli

1653 - 1713

Giuseppe Tartini

1692 - 1770

Wilhelm Cramer

1746 - 1799

Mannheim violin virtuoso. Leading advocate for the Cramer bow.

Giovanni Batista Viotti

1755 - 1824

Italian virtuoso, prominent in French society.

Cramer in Paris

1769 - 1772

Viotti's Parisian debut

1782

Viotti resettles in England

1792

Concurrent Musical Events

Beginning of the evolution of opera in Italy

1600

Longer musical lines required a longer bow for legato bow strokes.

Paris Conservatoire founded

1795

Concurrent Historical Events

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Paris Theatres close

1792

Reign of Terror

1793 - 1794