Prior to the Rwandan Genocide, Rwanda was a colony of Belgium under the League of Nations, created after the first world war. The two major ethnic groups in Rwanda were the Hutu and Tutsi. Although the Tutsi were by far the minority group, the Tutsi were favored by Belgium due to there high financial efficiency. As a result, it became mandatory for all monarchs, elites, and local chiefs to be Tutsi. The Hutu majority resented the Tutsi's power and launched the Hutu Revolution in 1959, forcing thousands of Tutsi into neighboring countries such as Uganda. The Hutu declared Rwanda a republic, and Belgium granted Rwanda its independence. A Tutsi group known as the Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF) invaded Rwanda from Uganda in hopes to take back the country. This launched a civil war between the Hutu and Tutsi, leading to the genocide of thousands of Rwandans. In the end, the RPF won and defeated the Hutu government forces.
Theme 5: Development and transformation of social structures