Period 5 Timeline

Main

Middle East

Suez Canal Opened

1859

The Suez Canal is an artificial waterway that connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea. This canal was important because now there was a faster way to get things from the Mediterranean to Africa without having to cross the Sahara Desert.

All-India Muslim League Founded

1906

The All-India Muslim League was a political party that wished to establish a new nation for muslims. It originally started with the muslims in India's wishes to protect muslim rights and give their religion a voice against the British Raj. This led to the establishment of Pakistan.

Americas

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

The American Revolution arose from protests against the heavy taxes that Great Britain was imposing on the North American Colonies. It started with small conflicts between British troops at Lexington and Concord, but eventually launched into a full scale revolution. The American Revolution ended with the establishment of the United States as a free and independent nation.

Simon Bolivar

1783 - 1830

Simon Bolivar was a brilliant political and military leader who's dream was to unite the south American countries into a confederacy like the United States. He was a liberator of many of the South American countries.

Haitian Revolution

1791 - 1804

The Haitian revolution, led by Toussaint Louverture was an attempt by the slaves on the Island of Haiti to overthrow the landowners and take control. They were successful in doing this, party because the wealthy white landowners were far outnumbered by the Haitian slaves.

Cotton Gin Developed

1794

The Cotton Gin was a huge improvement in the efficiency of agriculture, and was one of the most important inventions of the Industrial Revolution. It was a machine that separated cotton fibers from their seeds and was able to do so much faster than if it was done by hand.

Henry Ford

1863 - 1947

Henry Ford was a brilliant man, as well as an inventor and businessman. He started his own car company and invented the assembly line, which was one of the most important innovations that came out of the time of the Industrial Revolution.

The Assembly Line Invented

1913

The Assembly Line was improved upon by Henry Ford who owned the Ford Motor Company. The Assembly Line was one of the most important inventions of the Industrial Revolution because it allowed products to be made faster and cheaper than ever before. It was said that someone who worked on the Assembly Line at Ford Motor Company could purchase themselves a Model T car with 4 months pay.

Panama Canal Opens

1914

The Panama Canal was a huge accomplishment. It linked the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean for the first time and made overseas trade much faster and more efficient. It also gave jobs to hundreds of thousands of people which helped boost the global economy.

Europe

The Reign of King Louis XVI

1774 - 1792

King Louis XVI took the throne of France at age 20, and though he was well prepared for the job, he really never wanted to be king. He married Marie Antoinette and both of them were executed during the French Revolution. First Louis, and then Marie Antoinette.

Watt Steam Engine Perfected

1784

When Watt's steam engine was perfected, it marked the beginning of an age of expansion and travel. Once the steam engine was perfected, boats, trains, and other methods of travel became faster and more affordable. Watt's steam engine was one of the most important inventions of the early Industrial Revolution.

The French Revolution

1789 - 1799

The French revolution was a bloody revolution to gain better conditions and rights for the poor and to over throw King Louis XVI. The peasants of France were starving, while the King dined lavishly without doing anything to help out his peasants. This angered the lower class and soon radical groups were spurring the revolution into a bloodbath. The rebels were known to execute anyone who they thought showed any opposition to the revolution.

The Reign Of Napoleon

1804 - 1815

Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military leader and brilliant politician who led the French Army towards the end of, and after the French Revolution. He set in place a civil law system called the Napoleonic Code and led France through the Napoleonic Wars in which France was able to claim a large amount of new territory.

Wars of Independence in Latin America

1809 - 1829

The Wars of Latin American Independence were widespread rebellions against the Spanish to try to gain independence in Latin American countries, Simon Bolivar was a leader of the movement.

Congress of Vienna

1819

The Congress of Vienna was a meeting of European Ambassadors. It was held to settle the issues remaining from the French Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars, and the Holy Roman War. It was an attempt to establish a balance of power in Europe.

Wars of Greek Independence

1821 - 1833

The War of Greek Independence was a rebellion of Greeks within the Ottoman Empire, a struggle, which resulted in the establishment of an independent kingdom of Greece.

Automatic Spinning Mule Developed

1825

The automatic spinning mule was developed in 1825 by Richard Roberts. It was a very influential innovation during the Industrial Revolution because it spin much more yarn, far faster than a human could have done it. Even through the automatic mules were dangerous for the workers, they were widely used because of their efficiency.

Communist Manifesto Published

1848

The Communist Manifesto was written and published by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels and was one of the most influential political writings of the time. It presented the communist party and explained it's goals, and it's solutions for issues such as the class system.

Unification of Italy

1850 - 1870

The Unification of Italy took place in 1860's thanks to a combination of diplomacy by the statesman Camillo Cavour, military leadership of Giuseppe Garibaldi, and popular patriotism.

Crimean War

1853 - 1856

The Crimean War was a dispute between the alliances of the French, British, and Ottoman Empires, and the Kingdom of Sardinia, against the Russian empire over the possession of the failing Ottoman Empire. It is sometimes considered to be the first "modern war" because it was one of the first wars in which inventions of the Industrial Revolution were used.

Bessemer Process Developed

1855

The Bessemer Process was a method originally developed by Henry Bessemer in Great Britain. The Bessemer Process was the first process used for making large scale amounts of iron. This made large iron buildings such as skyscrapers possible.

The Origin of Species Published

1859

The Origin of Species is considered to be one of the best scientific books ever written. It combines religion, science, and philosophy which made science more tangible to the average person.

German Unification

1871 - 1918

Otto van Bismark united Germany, but only after the 7 weeks war and the Franco-Prussian war, the Franco-Prussian war was the final stage of the unification of Germany.

Unification of Germany

1871

The Unification of Germany occurred when the princes of the German States met at Versailles in France and decided that one of the princes, Wilhelm would take a new role as the Emperor of the German Empire. The princes decided to unite the German States into one Empire after the Franco-Prussian War.

Boer Wars (Anglo-Boer War #1)

1880 - 1881

The first Boer war was the rebellion of the farmers, or boers, in the South African Republic against their British mother country. The main issue of the first war was when the British annexed the South African Republic in 1877, it angered many of the native people.

Berlin West Africa Conference

1884 - 1885

The Berlin Conference, or the Berlin West Africa Conference was held to regulate European colonization and trade in Africa. The conference was suggested by Portugal because they wanted control of the Congo River.

Boer Wars (Anglo-Boer War #2)

1899 - 1902

The second Boer War occurred when Great Britain separated the South African Republic into separate colonies, which then became a part of the Union of South Africa. The Africans rebelled, but were eventually defeated by the British forces.

Russia

The Emancipation of the Russian Serfs

1861

Czar Alexander II heard of the abolition of slavery in the US and thought that it was a good idea. He realized just how close serfdom in Russia at the time was to slavery and he decided to emancipate the serfs from their landlords. He thought that all citizens of Russia, "should be able to taste the fruits of their labor".

China

Taiping Rebellion

1850 - 1864

The Taiping rebellion was a huge civil war between the lower classes in China and the ruling elite. The lower classes called for a reconstruction of the social classes, equality for women, and the mandate of wearing queues to be lifted. The ruling classes eventually squashed the rebellion.

Boxer Rebellion

1899 - 1901

The Boxer Rebellion was a nationalistic movement in China to remove Christianity from China and "kick out the foreigners". The war consisted of Great Britain, Russia, Germany, the US, Japan, France, Italy, Austria, and Hungary all fighting against the Qing Dynasty of China. The 8 opposing nations defeated China and executed any government officials in support of the rebellion.

Japan

Meiji Restoration

1868 - 1912

The Meiji Restoration was the time of rebuilding and Japan's return to imperial rule under Emperor Meiji. It was during this time that Japan truly emerged as a modernized nation.

The Russo-Japanese War

1904 - 1905

In the Russo-Japanese War, Russia and Japan were fighting over the areas of Manchuria and Korea. Russia wanted a warm water port under their control, and Japan wanted dominance over Korea. Japan eventually won against Russia, and asserted their new power.

India

The Sepoy Rebellion

1857

The Sepoy Rebellion was a rebellion of the native Indians that Great Britain had enlisted into it's army. The troops didn't like being forced to fight, and their rebellion was a huge surprise to the British.

Indian National Congress Founded

1885

The Indian National Congress is a political party in India that is still around today. At the time of India's resistance to British rule, they played a large part in supporting the revolution. Once India gained it's independence in 1947, the Indian National Congress became the dominant political party.