Ancient Egypt: 3500 BC to Present

Main

Early Settlers Inhabit the Nile Valley

3500 BC - 3499 BC

Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt

3100 BC - 3099 BC

Various Kings rule Egypt

2220 BC - 2055 BC

Ahmose Reunites Egypt

1600 BC - 1599 BC

Hatshepsut Becomes the First Female Pharaoh

1500 BC - 1499 BC

King Tutankhamun Reigns

1336 BC - 1327 BC

Upper and Lower Egypt Split

1100 BC - 1099 BC

Alexander the Great Coquers Egypt

332 BC - 331 BC

Ptolemy I Becomes Pharaoh

305 BC - 304 BC

Egypt is Conquered by Arabs

641 AD - 642 AD

City of Cairo Founded

968 AD - 969 AD

Napoleon Invades Egypt

1797 AD - 1798 AD

Howard Carter Discovers King Tut's Tomb

1922 AD - 1923 AD

Writing

Pictograms Used

3500 BC - 3300 BC

Hieroglyphic Script is Used

3300 BC - 300 AD

Hieratic Script is Developed and Used

2700 BC - 800 BC

Demotic Script slowly Replaces Hieratic

800 BC - 700 BC

Demotic Script is Used

700 BC - 300 AD

Demotic is Used for Official Documents and Records

700 BC - 300 BC

Greek Script is Used for Official Documents and Records

275 BC - 100 AD

Rosetta Stone is Engraved

196 BC - 195 BC

Coptic Script is Developed

100 AD - 101 AD

Hieroglyphs and Demotic Script are No-Longer Used

300 AD - 315 AD

Arabic Becomes Primary Language and Script

600 AD - 2013 AD

Coptic Script is No-Longer Used

1500 AD - 1501 AD

Rosetta Stone is Found

1799 AD - 1800 AD

Hieroglyphs are Deciphered

1822 AD - 1823 AD

Architecture

First Step Pyramid is Built

2700 BC - 2699 BC

Pyramids at Giza are Built

2600 BC - 2599 BC

Great Sphinx is Built

2600 BC - 2599 BC

Pyramid Building Stops

2300 BC - 2000 BC

Pyramid Building Resumes

2000 BC - 1700 BC

Last Pyramid is Built in Egypt

1700 BC - 1699 BC

Herodotus Visits the Pyramids

500 BC - 499 BC

Time Periods

Predynastic Period

3500 BC - 3100 BC

Early Dynastic Period

3100 BC - 2700 BC

Old Kingdom

2700 BC - 2200 BC

Intermediate Period

2200 BC - 2000 BC

Middle Kingdom

2000 BC - 1700 BC

Intermediate Period

1700 BC - 1500 BC

New Kingdom

1500 BC - 1100 BC

Intermediate Period

1100 BC - 750 BC

Late Period

750 BC - 350 BC

Ptolemaic Period

350 BC - 50 BC

Roman Period

50 BC - 375 AD

Byzantine Period

375 AD - 625 AD

Modern Period

625 AD - 2013