TWENTIETH CENTURY TIMELINE

Timeline

Mass production 1800

1800

Many historians place the beginnings of mass production around 1800, with Eli Whitney’s firearms factory approximating the labour process of modern industrial production.

Invention of television 1884

1884

23-year-old university student in Germany, patented the first electromechanical television system which employed a scanning disk, a spinning disk with a series of holes spiralling toward the centre

Invention of Mobile Phone 1906

1906

Inventor Charles E. Alden claimed to have invented a device called the “vest pocket telephone" although Alden never had the chance to produce this device in large quantities. Phones were composed of vacuum tubes and relays, and weighed over 36 kg

End of WWI 1919:

1919

World War I ended over the weekend. Germany made its final reparations-related payment for the Great War on Oct. 3, nearly 92 years after the country's defeat by the Allies

Treaty of Versailles 1919

1919

It was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919

The Jazz Age 1920:

1920

The Jazz Age was a feature of the 1920s (ending with The Great Depression) when jazz music and dance became popular. This occurred particularly in the United States, but also in the Britain, France and elsewhere. Jazz played a significant part in wider cultural changes during the period, and its influence on pop culture continued long afterwards.

Market crash of 1929

1929

The full extent and duration of its fallout. The crash signalled the beginning of the 10-year Great Depression that affected all Western industrialized countries and did not end in the United States until the onset of American mobilization for World War II

Great Depression 1930:

1930

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations

Day of mourning 1938

1938

Day of Mourning: Protest held by Aboriginals Australians on the 26 of the January 1938. Woman and children gathered in a hall on Elizabeth Street, Sydney. Hundreds of Aboriginal men came along as well. The hall was a very popular town hall that many social events where held at.

Start of WWII 1939:

1939

A global war that was underway by 1939 and ended in 1945. It involved the vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances

Attack on Pearl Harbor 1941

1941

On the morning of December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise air attack on the U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. After just two hours of bombing, more than 2,400 Americans were dead, 21 ships had either been sunk or damaged, and more than 188 U.S. aircraft destroyed.

Bombing of Darwin 1942

1942

Was the first and largest attack mounted by a foreign power against Australia. 242 Japanese aircraft attacked ships in Darwin’s harbour. They launched their attack 200 miles (333km) Northwest from Darwin’s shore. The First raid consisted of 71 medium bombers, 81 dive-bombers and 36 fighters.

Atomic bombing of Hiroshima 1945.

1945

The atomic bombings of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan, were conducted by the United States during the final stages of World War II in 1945. The atomic boom was equivalent of 20,000 tons of TNT. It flattened the city and killed tens of thousands of people.

Declaration of human rights 1948

1948

The Declaration arose directly from the experience of the Second World War and represents the first global expression of rights to which all human beings are inherently entitled.

Melbourne Olympics 1956

1956

The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, in 1956.

Invention of Internet 1957

1957

The history of the Internet all began with the development of electronic computers in the 1957. Almost 40 years ago, the US Defense Department first set the stage for the Internet with a network that was called ARPANET. This was a research program that was begun to discover new ways to link different networks together for government and scientific use. What they hoped to develop was a method of communicating information packets among many computers at the same time.

Cuban missile crisis 1962

1962

It is one of the major confrontations of the Cold War, and is generally regarded as the moment in which the Cold War came closest to turning into a nuclear conflict. It is also the first documented instance of the threat of mutual assured destruction being discussed as a determining factor in a major international arms agreement

Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I have a dream…” speech 1963:

1963

"I Have a Dream" is a 17-minute public speech by Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered on August 28, 1963, in which he called for an end to racism in the United States.

Australian freedom rights 1964

1965

A group of University of Sydney students organised a bus tour of western and coastal New South Wales towns. Their purpose was threefold. Their plan was to draw attention to aboriginal’s poor health; education and housing. They were trying to point out the discrimination between white people and aboriginals. It was also to help the aboriginals help stick up for themselves.

Release of Crocodile Dundee 1986

1986

Crocodile Dundee is a 1986 Australian comedy film set in the Australian Outback and in New York City. It stars Paul Hogan as the weathered Mick Dundee.

Fall of Berlin Wall 1989:

1989

Because communism failed as a government. Communism started to crumble, and Russia just couldn't keep up its power in other countries like it used to.

United Nations Conventions on the Rights of the Child 1989:

1989

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is a human rights treaty setting out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children.