Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the door of the Wittenberg cathedral.
Institutes of the Christian Religion-John Calvin
Basic doctrines were stated in the 1536 document entitled Institutes of the Christian Religion.
Stated that all humans were weak and wicked.
Only the predestined could go to heaven, no matter what.
Calvinists were expected to seek “conversions,” signs that they were one of the predestined, and afterwards, lead “sanctified lives.”
Pilgrims to Plymouth-Mayflower
After negotiating with the Virginia Company, the Separatists left Holland and sailed for 65 days at sea on the Mayflower until they arrived off the rocky coast of New England in 1620, a trip in which only one person died and one person was born.
Less than half of the pilgrims on the Mayflower were actually Separatists.
Contrary to myth, the Pilgrims undertook a few surveys before deciding to settle at Plymouth, an area far from Virginia.
The Pilgrims became squatters, people without legal right to land and without specific authority to establish government.
Only 44 of the 102 survived.
1620 - 1621
In the winter of 1620-21, only 44 of the 102 survived.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Not all puritans
Only 20,000 to MA
Many to West Indies--Sugar-rich island of Barbados
Roger Williams fled to Rhode Island Providence
Built a Baptist church---1st in US
Established complete freedom of religion even for Jews and Catholics
Though disagreed with Quaker's view, he sheltered them.