A timeline of events that led to the structure of schools in Canada as we know them today.
The official end to the Seven Year War, during which Great Britain and France warred both in Europe and in the Americas for control over their colonies. The end result for Canada, was power given over by the French crown to the British crown.
The French are guaranteed rights to be allowed to practice Catholicism.
Canada becomes the Dominion of Canada. It is it's own country, not a British Colony.
Original provinces in Canada were: Ontario (formerly Upper Canada), Quebec (formerly Lower Canada), New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia.
prescribed state involvement in education in Upper Canada until the 1840's
Led the Conservatives to believe that a central authority was needed to provide direction to local schools
the two colonies of Canada (French and British) are united under one political banner
-the first time central administrative authority is established over schooling in Upper Canada
- a chief superintendent of education is appointed to oversee the operation of elementary education in both sections of the colony
revised in 1850
- shifted local power to centralized administrative structures
The British North America Act
-prescribed a publicly funded, provincially controlled school system
An issue of controversy and debate was deciding whose views of citizenship to promote in public schools.
The first time that the principle of the right to establish publicly funded separate schools using the principle of religious immunity is put into legislation.
- subject to provincial controls over curriculum and teachers, Protestant and Catholic parents were authorized to establish their own schools and receive public funding.
Defined the powers of local trustees.
the chief superintendent and the Council of Public Instruction are made responsible to the Ministry of Education.
Separate schools are able to receive public funding, and are subject to the authority of the provincial government. This authority is constrained by the provisions of Section 93, and interpretations made by the court.
The main areas of federal control over schooling in Canada are the education of Aboriginals as prescribed in treaties and various acts, as well as the education of Canada's military personnel.