The United States and British forces launched an attack against French North Africa, particularly Algeria and Morocco. The attack was a result of increased Arguments between the United States and the United Kingdom over future Ally war strategy. Finally, the two nations came to a compromise and attacked the French North Africa region to drive away the French forces who were allies to the Germans. With the Axis Powers out of North Africa, the Allied Powers had better control of the Mediterranean Sea and could prepare to fortify and/or attack Southern Europe.
American Lieutenant colonel James H. Doolittle led an air attack on Japan. The primary goal was to bomb military bases in Japan and fly on to target Chinese Naval Bases. Although none of the planes made it to the Chinese airfields, most of the crew of the operation survived. The Japanese were also deeply humiliated by the attack and resolved to destroy America’s aircraft carriers.
The Battle of Coral Sea, was the first of the six Pacific War battles between aircraft carrier forces. Fought in waters east of New Guinea and southwest of the Solomon Islands, the Battle of Coral Sea was an attempt by the Japanese to increase their naval power and take over Port Moresby; a port on New Guinea’s Southeastern coast. However, the Japanese aircraft carriers eventually lost to the United States, and Japan was forced to retreat and cancel their planned sea invasion of the port. Japan lost two of their most valuable aircrafts in this battle.
This was huge turning point during the course of the war. The Japanese wanted to avenge the Dolittle Air Raid so they planned to attack Midway Island, draw the American carrier fleet into a trap, and destroy the fleet. If Japan succeeded, then the United States West Coast would have been completely defenseless against the Japanese Navy. However, the Japanese lost the battle against the U.S which ended up keeping the Japanese on the defensive which stopped the expansion of the Japanese Empire into the Pacific.
Nazi Germany and its Allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad in the southwestern Soviet Union. It was a major turning point of World War II in Europe because it resulted in a decisive Soviet Victory and destroyed the German 6th Army. This crushed Germany and they never recovered their earlier strength and attained no further victories in the East.
The Battle of Normandy, also known as Operation Overload, was another turning point in the war. The first day of the war, knows as D-Day, was where American, British, and Canadian forces combined and 156,000 military personnel fortified the Normandy region and battled the Germans together. The result of the battle was complete Allied liberation of Western Europe from Nazi control. The Allied Powers then prepared to advance to Germany, and combine forces with the Soviet Union. The Normandy battle became known as the beginning of the end of the war.
The Russians were the first to discover the death camps in Germany. The Allied powers stormed Germany and German territories to discover more and more death camps. Millions of people had already died before the first discovery of the death camps but the Allies were still able to save many people from the horror.
This was Hitler's last attempt to turn the tide of the war in his favor. He had succeeded at capturing a few important crossroads and the Allies began to feel the war was quite not over yet. However, American Tanks and paratroopers fought long and hard in this battle and the American's finally became victorious and Hitler was unable to attack the west at such an immense scale.
This day is known as the Victory in Europe day. On this day the official announcement was made that the war was over in Europe.German General Jodl signed the surrender document which officially meant that Germany was defeated in this long hard war. Now only Japan was left to defeat in this war which meant that the end was near.
The U.S was the first nation to use a nuclear weapon in the war. The atomic bomb which was invented by Albert Einstein could destroy a city in seconds which meant it was a total massacre. Our first attack was on the city of Hiroshima which destroyed the city and resulted in a death toll of 80.000 people. Three days after the bombing of Hiroshima the U.S dropped another bomb on the city of Nagasaki, killing 40,000 more people. Over the course of the next few weeks, more and more people died from radiation poisoning and injuries. A few days later Japan surrendered because they had been drilled to the ground.
This day is known as the Victory over Japan day. On this day, the Japanese made their official announcement of their surrender from the second World War. This meant that this long, bloody war was finally over. Many people were overjoyed by this announcement and on this day President Harry S. Truman said that Facism was officially dead.
The Japanese Kwangtung Army attacked Chinese troops in Manchuria in an event known as the Manchurian Incident. Essentially, this was an attempt by the Japanese Empire to gain control over the whole province, in order to eventually encompass all of East Asia. This proved to be one of the causes of World War II
Nazi Germany invaded Poland. The Polish Army was not strong enough to fight Hitler’s forces so the Allies got tied in. Two days later, France and England declared war on Germany, thus starting World War II. This declaration of war by the Allies ended the long running streak of the Allies not responding to Hitler’s actions which astonished him.
In December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The attack destroyed and sank many ships resulting in a heavy death toll of american lives. Prior to the attack, Japan lacked natural resources and started to attack nearby territories such as Indonesia. The United States was not pleased and told Indonesia to embargo the oil given to Japan. Because the Philippines was on the route between Japan and Indonesia, the US speculated Japan would attack there. The Japanese were left with two choices after the embargo, they could either leave China or attack the United States and they chose to attack us. This angered the U.S and were no longer neutral in the war, this provoked the entrance of the U.S in WWII.