Alexander the Great

Birth and childhood

356 BC - 339 BC

Born in Macedonia
Son to King Phillip II
Taught by Aristotle
Loved everything that was Greek
Slept with the book Illiad under his pillow at night

Battle of Granicus

334 BC

Battle of Issus

333 B.C.

Belligerents: Persians and Macedonia
Outcome: Macedonian victory

Founding of Alexandria

331 BC

Library of Alexandria (500,000 scrolls)
Alexander created 20 more cities

Battle Guagamela

331 B.C.

250,000 Persian soldiers lost to 45,000 Macedonian soldiers led by Alexander. Fought in present day Iraq.

Stuck in the desert

324 BC

Alex's troops stuck in the Gedrosia desert


323 BC

Bit by mosquito; dies from malaria
Plutarch writes that he died in Nebuchadnezzar's palace


Latins come into Italy

1000 B.C.

Etruscans come to Italy

750 B.C. - 650 B.C.

Greeks come to Italy

750 B.C. - 650 B.C.

Roman republic begins

509 B.C. - 44 B.C.

Etruscans are pushed out of Rome

509 B.C.

Plebeians go on strike

494 B.C.

Council of plebs begins

471 B.C.

Plebeians and patricians allowed to marry

455 B.C.

Council of plebs allowed to pass laws for all Romans

287 B.C.

Greeks pushed out of Italy

284 B.C.

Etruscans pushed out of Italy

267 B.C.

First Punic War

264 B.C.

Carthage's navy is crushed off the coast of Sicily

241 B.C.

Rome suffers a huge loss to the Carthaginians in the Battle of Canae

216 B.C.

Rome defeats Carthage for good

148 B.C.

Rome defeats Macedonia

146 B.C.

Gracchus brothers are murdered by rich Senators

133 B.C.

Crassus, Pompey, Caesar make the 1st triumvirate

60 B.C.

Senate orders Caesar to come back to roe from Gaul

49 B.C.

Caesar declares himself dictator. Ends the roman republic

44 B.C.

Caesar is assassinated by rich senators

44 B.C.

Hellenistic Age

The spread of Greek ideas throughout Africa, Europe, and the Middle East

323 B.C. - 31 B.C.


God tells Moses to free Israelites

1290 B.C.

Moses sees burning bush; God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of Egypt

10,000 Israelites destroy Caanites

1125 B.C.

Judge Deborah and Barak destroy King Jabin and his army to win the hilly region of Canaan.

David becomes king of Israel

1000 B.C. - 970 B.C.

Assyrians take over Israel

722 B.C. - 620 B.C.

Assyrians take out all the Israelite people, and scatter them throughout Iraq.

Egytians defeat Assyrians; gain control of Israel

620 B.C. - 605 B.C.

Chaldeans defeat Egytians; take control of Israel

605 B.C. - 538 B.C.

Under Chaldean rule, Jews are permitted to keep their king, as long as they pay a tax to the Chaldean Empire. Jews try to rebel against the Chaldeans and are severely punished by King Nebuchadnezzar.

Persians defeat Chaldeans; take over Israel.

538 B.C. - 334 B.C.

The king of Persia allows Jews to return to Israel. Some stay in Iraq, some return. They are not permitted a king but allowed to be ruled by priests.

Macedonians defeat Persians; take control of Israel

334 B.C. - 63 B.C.

Rome push out Macedonians; rule Israel

63 B.C. - 476

Hellenistic Age is over in the Mediterranean. Roman rule begins.

Jews (Zealots) rebel against Rome- Jews rule Israel

66 A.D. - 70 A.D.

Rome conquers Israel again

70 A.D.

Romans punish he Jews. Destroy the temple Jerusalem; all that remains of it today is the Western Wall.

Jews revolt and defeat Romans again.

132 A.D. - 135 A.D.

Romans conquer Israel again

135 A.D.

As punishment, Romans do not allow Jews to return to Israel. Romans rename the land Palestine.

Early Humans


300,000 BC

Early humans learmn

Ancient Egypt

Narmer unites Egypt

3100 B.C.

Great Pyramid built in Giza

2540 B.C.

Piye of Kush defeats Egypt

728 B.C.